Of the 2.5 million people in need across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), 1.9 million people will be targeted for humanitarian assistance in 2018. The financial requirements to deliver this assistance in 2018 will be US$ 539.7 million.
The objective of humanitarian assistance in the oPt over the coming three-year period is to address the needs jointly identified by the humanitarian community in the 2018 HNO, by protecting the rights of Palestinians living under occupation, providing access to basic services for those who are vulnerable, and supporting the ability of Palestinians to cope with and overcome protracted crisis, while more sustainable solutions are sought.
In the context of a protracted protection crisis in the oPt, the humanitarian response strategy for the period 2018-2020 will aim to move beyond single year operational planning, and to adopt a longer term planning lens. The multi-year strategy strives to enhance linkages and synergies with other strategies for assistance to the Palestinian people, including development assistance, where appropriate within the framework of humanitarian principles, with the aim to progressively address the underlying vulnerabilities and root causes of humanitarian need in oPt.
The geographical scope of the strategy is Area C, Hebron H2 and East Jerusalem in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
The humanitarian context of the oPt is unique amongst today’s crises and remains directly tied to the impact of the occupation, which marked its 50th year in June 2017.
A protracted protection crisis continues. At least 1.9 million Palestinians experience, or are at risk of, conflict and violence, displacement and denial of access to livelihoods, among other threats. The most vulnerable Palestinians are currently denied or restricted in their access to essential services such as water and health care. A recurrent cycle of shocks, natural and manmade, has eroded the resilience of vulnerable households to cope with the prolonged nature of the humanitarian crisis.
These dynamics are significantly magnified in the Gaza context by the protracted blockade, imposed by Israel citing security concerns after the takeover of Gaza by Hamas in 2007, three major escalations of hostilities in less than ten years and the intensification of the internal divide between the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority (PA) and the de facto Hamas authorities during the course of 2017. Combined, these factors have devastated public infrastructure, disrupted the delivery of basic services and undermined already vulnerable living conditions.
Across the oPt, one in two Palestinians, or roughly two and a half million people, will need some form of humanitarian assistance in 2018.