The Humanitarian Programme Cycle

The Humanitarian Programme Cycle refers to a series of actions undertaken in the management of international humanitarian response operations. These must be conducted, to the extent possible, in collaboration with and in support of national and local authorities.

Humanitarian Response Cycle

The actions in the cycle, described below, are inter-related and should be managed in a seamless manner using a coherent approach and a common set of tools.

  • Emergency preparedness is a distinct element of, and underpins, the entire cycle.
  • Timely, coordinated assessments and analysis identify the needs of affected people and provide the evidence base for planning the response.
  • Coordinated planning allows for the formulation of strategic objectives, what needs to be done to meet them, and how much it will cost.
  • Funding and other resources are mobilized for the system based on and in support of the strategic response plan.
  • Monitoring of agreed output and outcome indicators and the tracking of financial information demonstrates results and informs decision-making about the plan.

While implementation of the cycle should be flexible and adaptable to different country situations, it must at a minimum address the above elements. Whenever possible, it should support national and local partners, including NGOs, civil society and communities, and complement or build on existing frameworks; it should contribute to a response that builds resilience to future disasters.

More information on the specific elements of the HPC can be found here.

The Humanitarian Response Plan in the occupied Palestinian territory

The humanitarian community in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) has developed an annual humanitarian plan for the oPt every year since 2003. The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) primarily focuses on addressing humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as well as in Area C and East Jerusalem of the West Bank, where the most vulnerable populations have been identified and where the reach of the Palestinian Authority is most limited.

Humanitarian assistance in the oPt aims to address needs and vulnerability mostly arising from the policies and practices linked to the occupation and the blockade. Those targeted for assistance are those most in need of protection, access to essential services and interventions that will allow them to cope with the effects of the prolonged occupation and shocks.

At a minimum, the HRP aims to protect the rights and stabilize the situation of the protected population until longer term development and political solutions are found. The HRP complements national and international longer term development strategies, such as the Palestinian National Development Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).

Read more on the latest Humanitarian Response Plan here.

Supporting Gazans to afford better food choices

20 Jan 2021 |
As a sole breadwinner, Mahmoud carried a heavy burden providing for his family. Photo by Mohamed Reefi for CRS.

Mahmoud Az Za’aneen is the sole breadwinner in a large, 13-member family, including two elderly parents. The family lives in a small house in a town in North Gaza. Mahmoud worked as a construction painter for 12 years, but a worsening medical condition from exposure to paint chemicals hampered his ability to work. Despite his efforts, Mahmoud faced difficulties securing permanent work in the deteriorating economy in Gaza and struggled to provide food for his family.

Helping Rafiq and Siham improve their living conditions

14 Jan 2021 |
Rafiq and Siham Farahat. Photo by Sami Alhaw/OXFAM 2020

A success story of the oPt Humanitarian Fund: In the Shuja’iyeh alleys east of Gaza city, Siham, her 63-year-old husband Rafiq and their son’s family of eight lived for years in a dilapidated home.

Humanitarian Needs Overview 2021

23 Dec 2020 |

This document is consolidated by OCHA on behalf of the Humanitarian Country Team and partners. It provides a shared understanding of the crisis, including the most pressing humanitarian need and the estimated number of people who need assistance. It represents a consolidated evidence base and helps inform joint strategic response planning. The designations employed and the presentation of material in the report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries

346,000 Palestinians pushed from moderate to severe need of assistance

15 Dec 2020 |

Joint Press Release: US$417 million plan to address humanitarian needs of Palestinians launched. Today, the Prime Minister of the State of Palestine, H.E. Dr. Mohammad Shtayyeh, and the Humanitarian Coordinator a.i., Ms. Lucia Elmi, launched the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) to help 1.8 million vulnerable people in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) in 2021. The launch was broadcasted on social media, where speakers responded to questions from the public.

Humanitarian Needs Overview and Humanitarian Response Plan 2021 | Dashboard

15 Dec 2020 |

The context in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) remains a protracted protection crisis, where too many Palestinians struggle to live with dignity. The crisis is characterized by more than 53 years of Israeli military occupation, lack of respect for international humanitarian and human rights law, internal Palestinian political divisions, and recurrent escalations of hostilities between Israel and Palestinian armed groups.

Humanitarian Response Plan 2021

15 Dec 2020 |

As is the case globally, the COVID-19 pandemic has been the dominant concern in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) in 2020. Due to swift and decisive action on the part of the authorities after the first cases were detected in early March, by the time the initial emergency measures were eased in late May, only 630 Palestinians were confirmed to have contracted COVID-19, including just 60 people in the Gaza Strip, with five fatalities reported in total. However, there has been a subsequent upsurge, in particular, since community infection was first confirmed in Gaza in late August. As of 27 November, despite the reintroduction of lockdown measures, infections are escalating. The cumulative number of people confirmed to have had the virus stands at over 93,000, including about 18,500 who are currently with COVID-19, and 776 who have died (As of the time of publication, the number of confirmed cases in the oPt had risen sharply to over 126,000).

Helping Palestinian civilians in Gaza prepare for times of escalation

13 Nov 2020 |

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Fida’ is a young Palestinian administrative assistant from Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip, an area that has seen recurrent escalations of hostilities, resulting in largescale devastation and losses among civilians. In 2019, with funding received from the Humanitarian Fund for the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt HF), she was trained as a humanitarian volunteer and became part of a community-based network of emergency ‘responders’. The training was aimed at helping residents of Rafah prepare for future escalations.

Upgrading shelters of Palestinian Bedouin and herding households to provide safety and protection

19 Oct 2020 |
The sewage pit's hole was sealed off during the rehabilitation. Left: the sewage pit hole before the rehabilitation. Rights: the sewage pit hole after it was sealed off. Photo credit: Reyad Jaber.

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Reyad Jaber is a Palestinian herder from Yanun village, in the Nablus Governorate. Yanun is surrounded by several Israeli settlements and settlement outposts and its residents suffer from recurring Israeli settler attacks, increasing the vulnerability of village residents. Reyad, himself, has been attacked by Israeli settlers several times while herding his livestock.

Supporting Palestinian farmers affected by Israeli settlements

6 Oct 2020 |
Mustafa’s land After the rehabilitation

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Mustafa is a 47-year-old Palestinian from the village of Bruqin, in the northern West Bank. As a father of 15 children, he struggled for a long period to make ends meet by working as a tile setter. However, due to a physical disability, this work became progressively harder for him.