The Humanitarian Programme Cycle

The Humanitarian Programme Cycle refers to a series of actions undertaken in the management of international humanitarian response operations. These must be conducted, to the extent possible, in collaboration with and in support of national and local authorities.

Humanitarian Response Cycle

The actions in the cycle, described below, are inter-related and should be managed in a seamless manner using a coherent approach and a common set of tools.

  • Emergency preparedness is a distinct element of, and underpins, the entire cycle.
  • Timely, coordinated assessments and analysis identify the needs of affected people and provide the evidence base for planning the response.
  • Coordinated planning allows for the formulation of strategic objectives, what needs to be done to meet them, and how much it will cost.
  • Funding and other resources are mobilized for the system based on and in support of the strategic response plan.
  • Monitoring of agreed output and outcome indicators and the tracking of financial information demonstrates results and informs decision-making about the plan.

While implementation of the cycle should be flexible and adaptable to different country situations, it must at a minimum address the above elements. Whenever possible, it should support national and local partners, including NGOs, civil society and communities, and complement or build on existing frameworks; it should contribute to a response that builds resilience to future disasters.

More information on the specific elements of the HPC can be found here.

The Humanitarian Response Plan in the occupied Palestinian territory

The humanitarian community in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) has developed an annual humanitarian plan for the oPt every year since 2003. The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) primarily focuses on addressing humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as well as in Area C and East Jerusalem of the West Bank, where the most vulnerable populations have been identified and where the reach of the Palestinian Authority is most limited.

Humanitarian assistance in the oPt aims to address needs and vulnerability mostly arising from the policies and practices linked to the occupation and the blockade. Those targeted for assistance are those most in need of protection, access to essential services and interventions that will allow them to cope with the effects of the prolonged occupation and shocks.

At a minimum, the HRP aims to protect the rights and stabilize the situation of the protected population until longer term development and political solutions are found. The HRP complements national and international longer term development strategies, such as the Palestinian National Development Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).

Read more on the latest Humanitarian Response Plan here.

COVID-19 Response Plan

27 Mar 2020 |

The COVID-19 Response Plan for the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) presents the joint strategy of the humanitarian community, including UNRWA, to respond to the public health needs and immediate humanitarian consequences of the pandemic in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. It is guided by the Health Cluster’s Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan, published on 14 March 2020, which is designed to steer a coordinated effort in support of the Ministry of Health (MoH) and the overall efforts of the Government of Palestine (GoP). In this respect it will provide an important bridge between this largely partner and Health Cluster response and the broader socio-economic recovery plan of the GoP, with support from the World Bank and others. This pl5an seeks to mobilize support to implement the most urgent and critical activities over the next three months.

Humanitarian Needs Overview 2020

13 Feb 2020 |

This document is consolidated by OCHA on behalf of the Humanitarian Country Team and partners. It provides a shared understanding of the crisis, including the most pressing humanitarian need and the estimated number of people who need assistance. It represents a consolidated evidence base and helps inform joint strategic response planning. The designations employed and the presentation of material in the report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries

Humanitarian funding | Donations at record low

12 Feb 2020 |
A group of children benefiting from nonstructured psychosocial activities at the Tdh child protection centre. © Photo by Terre des hommes

A total of $244 million was raised during 2019 for the humanitarian interventions, included in the oPt Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). While this represents almost 70 per cent of the $351 million requested (the second highest rate in a decade), in absolute terms it marks the lowest amount raised during the 2010-2019 period for the oPt.

Supporting women who survive domestic violence in Gaza

3 Feb 2020 |
Jamila Salman. Photo: UN Women/Seung Deok Seo

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Jamila Salman is a divorced Palestinian, mother of three, from Gaza. In 2008, she graduated with a nursing degree and got married. Throughout her marriage, she had had to endure poverty and violence perpetrated by her drug-addicted husband and his extended family. Fears of social stigma led her own family to oppose her getting a divorce, which she only managed to get in 2015, after telling her family she would commit suicide.

Protecting Palestinians in Hebron by repairing their homes

24 Dec 2019 |
Suhad’s daughter, Muluk (4 years old)

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Suhad is a 38-year-old Palestinian from Hebron city. She lives in H2, the area that Israel controls directly, where it maintains several settlement compounds and, citing security concerns, severely restricts the movement of Palestinians. For many years, people living there have experienced violence and aggression by Israeli forces and settlers, among other occupation-related practices, and have been among the most vulnerable groups in the West Bank.

US$348 million plan to address critical humanitarian needs of Palestinians launched

11 Dec 2019 |

2020 Humanitarian Response Plan for the occupied Palestinian territory targets rising needs amidst new challenges: Today, the Prime Minister of the State of Palestine, H.E. Dr. Mohammad Shtayyeh, and the Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr. Jamie McGoldrick, launched the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for 2020 in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt).

Humanitarian Response Plan 2020

11 Dec 2019 |

An estimated 2.4 million people in the oPt are in need of humanitarian assistance. In the final year of the 2018-2020 Humanitarian Response Strategy, humanitarian partners will aim to assist 1.5 million of the most vulnerable Palestinians with a financial requirement of $348 million. Humanitarian assistance addresses need and vulnerability primarily arising from the policies and practices of the occupation, including the blockade of Gaza. Those targeted for assistance are those most in need of protection, access to essential services, and interventions that will allow them to cope with prolonged occupation and repeated shocks. The strategy aims to protect the rights and to stabilize the situation of the protected population until longer-term development and political solutions are found. 

Foreword to the Humanitarian Response Plan 2020

9 Dec 2019 |

By the Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr. Jamie McGoldrick: For this, the final year of the 2018-2020 cycle, humanitarian partners are appealing for a total of $348 million for the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt). This is similar to the $350 million requested in 2019, but significantly lower than the $550 million sought in the 2018 appeal. The decrease does not reflect a reduction in the scope of need but rather an acknowledgement of continuing underfunding for humanitarian operations throughout the oPt: by end-November, only approximately 60 per cent of the sum requested for the 2019 HRP was secured, which, in real terms, represents a reduction in funding. This is despite the World Bank’s projection that economy in the oPt “is expected to slip into a recession in 2020 and 2021,” a fact likely to increase the scope of humanitarian hardship.