The Humanitarian Programme Cycle

The Humanitarian Programme Cycle refers to a series of actions undertaken in the management of international humanitarian response operations. These must be conducted, to the extent possible, in collaboration with and in support of national and local authorities.

Humanitarian Response Cycle

The actions in the cycle, described below, are inter-related and should be managed in a seamless manner using a coherent approach and a common set of tools.

  • Emergency preparedness is a distinct element of, and underpins, the entire cycle.
  • Timely, coordinated assessments and analysis identify the needs of affected people and provide the evidence base for planning the response.
  • Coordinated planning allows for the formulation of strategic objectives, what needs to be done to meet them, and how much it will cost.
  • Funding and other resources are mobilized for the system based on and in support of the strategic response plan.
  • Monitoring of agreed output and outcome indicators and the tracking of financial information demonstrates results and informs decision-making about the plan.

While implementation of the cycle should be flexible and adaptable to different country situations, it must at a minimum address the above elements. Whenever possible, it should support national and local partners, including NGOs, civil society and communities, and complement or build on existing frameworks; it should contribute to a response that builds resilience to future disasters.

More information on the specific elements of the HPC can be found here.

The Humanitarian Response Plan in the occupied Palestinian territory

The humanitarian community in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) has developed an annual humanitarian plan for the oPt every year since 2003. The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) primarily focuses on addressing humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as well as in Area C and East Jerusalem of the West Bank, where the most vulnerable populations have been identified and where the reach of the Palestinian Authority is most limited.

Humanitarian assistance in the oPt aims to address needs and vulnerability mostly arising from the policies and practices linked to the occupation and the blockade. Those targeted for assistance are those most in need of protection, access to essential services and interventions that will allow them to cope with the effects of the prolonged occupation and shocks.

At a minimum, the HRP aims to protect the rights and stabilize the situation of the protected population until longer term development and political solutions are found. The HRP complements national and international longer term development strategies, such as the Palestinian National Development Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).

Read more on the latest Humanitarian Response Plan here.

Helping Palestinian civilians in Gaza prepare for times of escalation

13 Nov 2020 |

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Fida’ is a young Palestinian administrative assistant from Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip, an area that has seen recurrent escalations of hostilities, resulting in largescale devastation and losses among civilians. In 2019, with funding received from the Humanitarian Fund for the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt HF), she was trained as a humanitarian volunteer and became part of a community-based network of emergency ‘responders’. The training was aimed at helping residents of Rafah prepare for future escalations.

Upgrading shelters of Palestinian Bedouin and herding households to provide safety and protection

19 Oct 2020 |
The sewage pit's hole was sealed off during the rehabilitation. Left: the sewage pit hole before the rehabilitation. Rights: the sewage pit hole after it was sealed off. Photo credit: Reyad Jaber.

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Reyad Jaber is a Palestinian herder from Yanun village, in the Nablus Governorate. Yanun is surrounded by several Israeli settlements and settlement outposts and its residents suffer from recurring Israeli settler attacks, increasing the vulnerability of village residents. Reyad, himself, has been attacked by Israeli settlers several times while herding his livestock.

Supporting Palestinian farmers affected by Israeli settlements

6 Oct 2020 |
Mustafa’s land After the rehabilitation

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Mustafa is a 47-year-old Palestinian from the village of Bruqin, in the northern West Bank. As a father of 15 children, he struggled for a long period to make ends meet by working as a tile setter. However, due to a physical disability, this work became progressively harder for him.

Strengthening female-headed households in Gaza

31 Aug 2020 |

Rasha Abu Tuaima is a 39-year-old farmer from Ash Shouka area of Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip, where she lives with her husband and 11 children in a tin-roofed, two-bedroom house. Their youngest daughter has Down syndrome.

COVID-19 Response Plan Financial Requirements Update

28 Aug 2020 |

The financial requirements of the COVID-19 Response Plan in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) have been updated to support the response through the end of 2020, requesting an additional US$30 million and bringing the overall requirement for the Plan to US$72 million.

Protecting vulnerable children in Gaza

25 Aug 2020 |

14-year-old Mohammed from Jabalia refugee camp in the Gaza Strip loves playing football and running along the seashore. When he was 11, his father died of cancer and, since then, his big family has lived off his late father’s pension.

Empowering women in need of protection

29 Jul 2020 |

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Fatima is a 51-year-old Palestinian cancer survivor from the Gaza Strip.* Before the symptoms of her illness started, she had worked as a tailor and was the sole breadwinner of her family, which comprises eight members. Since 2012, her husband has suffered from kidney failure and is constantly on pain relief medication, which Fatima thinks has affected his psychological well-being and led to anger management issues. This makes him act violently with Fatima and their children, she says. Their eldest son, 25 years old, is epileptic, and their younger child suffers from a ruptured shoulder joint and cannot move his hands.

Providing latrines in the southern West Bank

23 Jul 2020 |
The Palestinian herding community of Khirbet ar Ratheem

Sanitation is a basic need, without which health, hygiene, privacy, safety and dignity are undermined. But for many Palestinians in Area C of the West Bank, access to sanitation is scarce.

Helping Palestinians buy healthy food

29 Jun 2020 |
 “Finally, we could eat real food!” With the help Intisar received, she could start providing her family with varied, healthy food. Photo by Mohamed Reefi for CRS

An oPt Humanitarian Fund success story: Most Palestinian households in Gaza cannot afford to buy sufficient amounts of nutritious food. Intisar’s family from the village of Az Zawayda is one of them. They are two parents and five children who live together in a small room, in a house shared with their extended family, where thirty people are forced to use a single bathroom. Intisar’s husband has a disability and is unable to work. She takes care of him and their children, and thus cannot seek paid work.