Over 60 per cent of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip need humanitarian assistance. Restrictions on their movement, as well as on the exit and entry of commodities, are among the main reasons for this extremely high rate, alongside recurrent escalations of hostilities, the intra-Palestinian political divide, and other factors. The land perimeter of Gaza is fenced off, with limited movement being channelled through three operational crossings: two Israelis and one Egyptian. Restrictions intensified with the imposition of a blockade by the Israeli authorities in mid-2007. Exits and entries by air or sea are banned.
The Gaza Strip is the only part of the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) with access to the Mediterranean Sea. However, in 2022, sailing restrictions remained at 6-15 nautical miles offshore and the transport of fish to other parts of the oPt was intermittently banned by the Israeli authorities. Those restrictions continue to undermine food security. Photo by OCHA
General goods (excluding fuel and gas)
Incoming goods to Gaza (truckloads)
Incoming goods in 2022
Fuel and gas
Incoming petrol and diesel (litres)
Incoming industrial diesel from Israel (litres)
Incoming cooking gas (tons)
For more information on the movement in and out of Gaza see:
* Information on the status of border crossings and numbers of truckloads is based on data provided by the Ministry of National Economy in Gaza. Information on the status of Erez crossings and the number of people entering or exiting is based on data provided by the General Authority of Civil Affairs. Information on the status of Rafah crossings and number of people entering or exiting is based on data provided by the General Authority for Crossing in Gaza.