Humanitarian Bulletin

13 February 2019 |
 Palestinian fishers preparing their nets on the shore of Gaza. December 2018. © Photo by OCHA

Nearly 200 Palestinian families in East Jerusalem face eviction cases by Israeli settler organizations. Mandate of international monitors in the Israeli-controlled part of Hebron city (H2) terminated, exacerbating the vulnerability of some 7,000 Palestinians. Expected improvement in the livelihoods of some 2,000 fishers following an expansion of the fishing zone along part of Gaza’s coast. Food assistance to some 27,000 poor Palestinians in the Gaza Strip suspended due to lack of funding.

16 January 2019 |
A women injured in a demonstration at the fence in Gaza. © Photo by Women Affairs Centre.

$190 million reduction in the 2019 humanitarian appeal to maximize the impact of limited funding in increasingly restrictive environment. Almost one quarter of INGOs surveyed in late 2018 reported deligitimization forcing them to change or halt programmes. Over 1,800 women and girls injured at the Gaza demonstrations can face more severe consequences than male counterparts. Eight Palestinians and two Israelis killed in serious escalation in violence in West Bank in December; related access restrictions in Ramallah area remain.

14 December 2018 |
A street in Gaza city after an Israeli airstrike hit a multistory building on 13 November 2018. © Photo by Muthana El Najjar

Relative quiet returns to Gaza after serious escalation of hostilities in November. Significant increase in the supply of water in Gaza following increase in electricity supply from previous 5 to 16-18 hours a day. Food insecurity in Gaza affects 68% of households; unemployment at all-time high of nearly 55%. Increase in incidents by Israeli soldiers and settlers at Palestinian schools disrupts access to education in West Bank.

16 November 2018 |
Children filling water gallons from distribution point in the Beach refugee camp 2017. © Photo by OCHA

Electricity supply in Gaza increased up to 18 hours a day in some areas, following the provision of additional fuel to operate the Gaza Power Plant. Only 22 per cent of patients injured during the Gaza demonstrations, who were referred for follow- up surgery in the West Bank or Israel have been granted Israeli exit permits. 97 per cent of ground water extracted in Gaza is unfit for human consumption, generating the risk of a waterborne disease outbreak. The number of Israeli settler attacks against Palestinians and their property during 2018 grew by 57 and 175 per cent, compared with 2017 and 2016, respectively.

8 October 2018 |
UNRWA food assistance distribution, Gaza. © Photo by OCHA

The oPt Humanitarian Fund launched an $8.3 million allocation for the implementation of some critical but unfunded HRP projects, the majority in the Gaza Strip. Less than 60 per cent of applications for exit permit by patients seeking treatment outside Gaza were approved by the Israeli authorities in the first half of 2018. The continuous opening of the Egyptian-controlled Rafah crossing has been impaired by factors, including the reduced number of passengers allowed through and the obscure criteria used for selecting travelers. OCHA recorded 705 permanent checkpoints and roadblocks restricting or controlling Palestinian vehicular or pedestrian, movement across the West Bank.

11 September 2018 |
Beginning of new year at UNRWA school, Gaza. © Photo Credit: Khalil Adwan/ UNRWA

Israeli authorities lift recent restrictions on Kerem Shalom but additional restrictions imposed at Erez Crossing. UN emergency fuel programme for essential health and WASH services in Gaza about to run out. Pest that infects olive trees expected to significantly reduce this year’s harvest in West Bank

9 August 2018 |
Palestinian boy after swimming in a polluted beach in Deir al Balah Camp, Gaza. © Photo Credit: Rehaf Batniji/OXFAM 2018

Israel’s blockade on Gaza tightened: further import restrictions, a suspension of exports, and a reduction of the accessible fishing area. The 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan is only 24 per cent funded, an all-time low, forcing agencies to scale down interventions. Over 100 million litres of poorly-treated sewage discharged into the sea every day, posing serious health and environmental hazards for Gaza’s population. Herding communities in, or next to, a “firing zone” in eastern Nablus governorate face an increasingly coercive environment due to various Israeli practices.

10 July 2018 |
Injured Palestinian boy treated at MSF rehabilitation centre, Gaza City. © Photo by OCHA

$4.8 million urgently required for trauma management and emergency healthcare response to Gaza demonstrations. Housing survey reveals that 43,700 substandard homes in Gaza require full reconstruction or emergency shelter assistance. Military order allowing the demolition of new unlicensed structures in Area C within 96 hours from the issuance of a notice, frozen, pending decision by Israeli Supreme Court. Palestinian families move out of the Batan al Hawa neighbourhood in East Jerusalem due to coercive environment by Israeli settler presence.

5 June 2018 |
Health personnel giving first aid to those injured east of Khan Yunis, 4 May 2018. © Photo credit: WHO.

Over 13,000 Palestinians injured since the start of the Gaza demonstrations, exceeding the number of injuries during the 2014 hostilities, and further straining the already limited capacity of Gaza’s health system. The continuation of food assistance programmes targeting over 1.2 million poor Palestinians in the Gaza Strip during the second half of 2018 is at risk due to severe funding shortfalls. 84 settler attacks resulting in Palestinian casualties or property damage in the first four months of 2018, the highest such figure since 2014. Palestinian Bedouin community in the outskirts of East Jerusalem, in Area C of the West Bank, at heightened risk of forcible transfer, following a final ruling by the Israeli Supreme Court.

10 May 2018 |
Mohammed al-Ajouri. Right leg amputated after he was shot and injured by Israeli forces during a demonstration in Gaza on 30 March.

40 Palestinians killed by Israeli forces during mass demonstrations in the Gaza Strip, and 6,800 injured; nearly 30 per cent of injuries by live ammunition (as of 30 April). Humanitarian agencies appealed for US$5.3 million for Gaza, for healthcare, mental health and psychological support, and protection monitoring. Electricity cuts of up to 20 hours a day continue to undermine service provision in Gaza, including education. Palestinian Bedouin community in Area C of the West Bank at heightened risk of forcible transfer following  court hearing.