The Humanitarian Programme Cycle

The Humanitarian Programme Cycle refers to a series of actions undertaken in the management of international humanitarian response operations. These must be conducted, to the extent possible, in collaboration with and in support of national and local authorities.

Humanitarian Response Cycle

The actions in the cycle, described below, are inter-related and should be managed in a seamless manner using a coherent approach and a common set of tools.

  • Emergency preparedness is a distinct element of, and underpins, the entire cycle.
  • Timely, coordinated assessments and analysis identify the needs of affected people and provide the evidence base for planning the response.
  • Coordinated planning allows for the formulation of strategic objectives, what needs to be done to meet them, and how much it will cost.
  • Funding and other resources are mobilized for the system based on and in support of the strategic response plan.
  • Monitoring of agreed output and outcome indicators and the tracking of financial information demonstrates results and informs decision-making about the plan.

While implementation of the cycle should be flexible and adaptable to different country situations, it must at a minimum address the above elements. Whenever possible, it should support national and local partners, including NGOs, civil society and communities, and complement or build on existing frameworks; it should contribute to a response that builds resilience to future disasters.

More information on the specific elements of the HPC can be found here.

The Humanitarian Response Plan in the occupied Palestinian territory

The humanitarian community in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) has developed an annual humanitarian plan for the oPt every year since 2003. The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) primarily focuses on addressing humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as well as in Area C and East Jerusalem of the West Bank, where the most vulnerable populations have been identified and where the reach of the Palestinian Authority is most limited.

Humanitarian assistance in the oPt aims to address needs and vulnerability mostly arising from the policies and practices linked to the occupation and the blockade. Those targeted for assistance are those most in need of protection, access to essential services and interventions that will allow them to cope with the effects of the prolonged occupation and shocks.

At a minimum, the HRP aims to protect the rights and stabilize the situation of the protected population until longer term development and political solutions are found. The HRP complements national and international longer term development strategies, such as the Palestinian National Development Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).

Read more on the latest Humanitarian Response Plan here.

2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO)

20 Dec 2017 |

The humanitarian context of the oPt is unique amongst today’s crises and remains directly tied to the impact of the occupation, which marked its 50th year in June 2017. A protracted protection crisis continues. At least 1.9 million Palestinians experience, or are at risk of, conflict and violence, displacement and denial of access to livelihoods, among other threats. The most vulnerable Palestinians are currently denied or restricted in their access to essential services such as water and health care. A recurrent cycle of shocks, natural and manmade, has eroded the resilience of vulnerable households to cope with the prolonged nature of the humanitarian crisis.

Humanitarian Dashboard | January-June 2017

10 Sep 2017 |

The humanitarian situation in Gaza deteriorated in the first half of 2017 due to an escalation in the internal Palestinian political divide. In the West Bank, no major changes in the situation were recorded during this period.

Appeal for funding to stabilize Gaza’s deteriorating humanitarian conditions

3 Jul 2017 |
North Gaza Sewage lagoons. Photo by OCHA, 2017

Humanitarian agencies in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) are calling upon the international community to provide US$25 million in new humanitarian funding to stabilize the spiralling humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip. In a document presented to diplomats today in Jerusalem, agencies identified top-priority, life-saving interventions in health, water, sanitation and hygiene, and food security sectors.

Gaza crisis: urgent funding appeal

3 Jul 2017 |

In December 2016, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) launched its Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for 2017. Since then, the situation in the Gaza Strip has significantly worsened, due to a dramatic deterioration in the energy situation and other developments related to internal Palestinian dynamics, affecting the entire population of two million people. In response, the HCT, including UNRWA, has identified the following top priority, life-saving interventions needed in the Health, WASH and Food Security sectors to address the most acute humanitarian needs today. Many of these interventions were previously included in the 2017 HRP but remain unfunded despite the added urgency. Other interventions are new interventions that will now be added to the HRP to address the changing humanitarian context. These prioritized funding requirements amount to US $25.2 million. Failure to respond to these needs will exacerbate human suffering and increase the risk of a new round of violence.

$547 million funding appeal to address humanitarian needs in Palestine during 2017

11 Jan 2017 |
ההשקה של תוכנית המענה ההומניטרי (לשטח הפלסטיני הכבוש) לשנת 2017, דצמבר 2016 / © צילום: משרד האו״ם לתיאום עניינים הומניטריים

On 19 December 2016, the UN Coordinator for Humanitarian Aid and Development Activities, Robert Piper, and the Minister of Social Development of the State of Palestine, Dr Ibrahim Al-Shaer, launched the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for the oPt.

2017 Humanitarian Response Plan for the occupied Palestinian territory

19 Dec 2016 |
Photo by OCHA

The 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan is the fifteenth coordinated appeal in the occupied Palestinian territory. It aims to extend protection to Palestinians living under occupation, in accordance with international law, to ensure access to basic services for the most vulnerable Palestinians and to strengthen the capacity of families to cope with the continued pressures of life under occupation.

2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview and Response Plan Dashboard

19 Dec 2016 |

The oPt is unique amongst today’s humanitarian crises. The needs identified are directly linked to Israel's occupation, now approaching its 50th year.

2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview for the occupied Palestinian territory

18 Dec 2016 |
Photo by OCHA

The humanitarian context of occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is unique amongst today’s humanitarian crises and remains directly tied to the impact of Occupation, now in its 50th year. A protracted protection crisis continues. The first challenge is the continuing need for protection measures for at least 1.8 million Palestinians experiencing, or at risk of, conflict and violence, displacement and denial of access to livelihoods, among other threats. Second, is the need to ensure delivery of essential services such as water and health care for the most acutely vulnerable households, currently denied or restricted in access. And third is the need to support vulnerable households to better cope with the prolonged nature of the humanitarian crisis and the recurrent cycle of shocks, natural and manmade.

Periodic Monitoring Report: 1 January to 30 June 2016

16 Sep 2016 |
Gaza. Photo by EWASH

2016 Humanitarian Response Plan - oPt: The major drivers of humanitarian vulnerability in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) remain unchanged. The situation is characterized by a protracted occupation, now in its 50th year, the systematic denial of Palestinian rights, and continuing conflict, punctuated by frequent outbreaks of violence. A pervasive crisis of accountability remains, with no effective remedy for the vast majority of alleged violations of international law, to ensure justice for the victims and to prevent future violations. Efforts by donors and HCT members to maintain humanitarian space to enable humanitarian operations to deliver to the most vulnerable people are vital. This report covers achievements of humanitarian partners in the first 6 months of 2016, identifies challenges to operations and provides a range of recommendations. In particular, the Government of Israel and relevant Palestinian authorities should fulfil their responsibilities to facilitate the work of humanitarian organizations and donors are encouraged to continue funding the Humanitarian Response Plan in a manner consistent with the priorities agreed by humanitarian partners, including expanding contributions to the Humanitarian Fund (HF).