The Humanitarian Programme Cycle

The Humanitarian Programme Cycle refers to a series of actions undertaken in the management of international humanitarian response operations. These must be conducted, to the extent possible, in collaboration with and in support of national and local authorities.

Humanitarian Response Cycle

The actions in the cycle, described below, are inter-related and should be managed in a seamless manner using a coherent approach and a common set of tools.

  • Emergency preparedness is a distinct element of, and underpins, the entire cycle.
  • Timely, coordinated assessments and analysis identify the needs of affected people and provide the evidence base for planning the response.
  • Coordinated planning allows for the formulation of strategic objectives, what needs to be done to meet them, and how much it will cost.
  • Funding and other resources are mobilized for the system based on and in support of the strategic response plan.
  • Monitoring of agreed output and outcome indicators and the tracking of financial information demonstrates results and informs decision-making about the plan.

While implementation of the cycle should be flexible and adaptable to different country situations, it must at a minimum address the above elements. Whenever possible, it should support national and local partners, including NGOs, civil society and communities, and complement or build on existing frameworks; it should contribute to a response that builds resilience to future disasters.

More information on the specific elements of the HPC can be found here.

The Humanitarian Response Plan in the occupied Palestinian territory

The humanitarian community in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) has developed an annual humanitarian plan for the oPt every year since 2003. The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) primarily focuses on addressing humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as well as in Area C and East Jerusalem of the West Bank, where the most vulnerable populations have been identified and where the reach of the Palestinian Authority is most limited.

Humanitarian assistance in the oPt aims to address needs and vulnerability mostly arising from the policies and practices linked to the occupation and the blockade. Those targeted for assistance are those most in need of protection, access to essential services and interventions that will allow them to cope with the effects of the prolonged occupation and shocks.

At a minimum, the HRP aims to protect the rights and stabilize the situation of the protected population until longer term development and political solutions are found. The HRP complements national and international longer term development strategies, such as the Palestinian National Development Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).

Read more on the latest Humanitarian Response Plan here.

Emergency rehabilitation of agricultural assets in southern Gaza

10 May 2018 |
Woman in her peas field on her land in Shokat as Sufi, Gaza Strip. Photo by Wissam Sameer Mahmoud Nassar for ACTED oPt, September 2017

Success story published as part of the Humanitarian Fund report for 2017: The escalation of hostilities in Gaza in 2014 had significant consequences for local agriculture, where loss of productive land and assets, coupled with a lack of financial capacity to cover production costs, led Gaza’s agricultural sector to decline by 31per cent from 2014. Since 2017, the ongoing electricity crisis, combined with increased lack of access to quality water resources, further weakened the agricultural sector in the Gaza Strip, exacerbating farmers’ vulnerabilities.

Reducing morbidity and mortality for high-risk newborns in Gaza

10 May 2018 |
Ash Shifa Hospital. Gaza. Photo by MAP

Success story published as part of the Humanitarian Fund report for 2017. The health sector in the Gaza Strip is severely affected by the ongoing Israeli blockade, exacerbated by the chronic energy crisis that deteriorated in 2017, in the context of the internal Palestinian political divide. At times, hospitals have faced partial or full closure due to the lack of fuel to operate back-up generators. There is also a chronic shortage of essential and lifesaving drugs and medical disposables in Gaza’s hospitals, where care for new-born babies, particularly those in need of intensive care, is challenged by scarce medicines and supplies, and a lack of qualified health workers.

oPt Humanitarian Fund (oPt HF) – annual report 2017

10 May 2018 |
Humanitarian Fund 2017

In 2017, the oPt Humanitarian Fund was able to utilize its available resources to improve the efficiency of the humanitarian response, by directing funding towards the most urgent, priority humanitarian needs, through an inclusive process that includes all stakeholders, with strong participation of national actors. The oPt HF continues to be a valuable tool to leverage the leadership of the HC and activate the humanitarian architecture to meet needs, in close collaboration with the Fund’s donors locally. With support from the OCHA oPt Country Office, this relatively small Fund has been to ensure the greatest benefit to the largest number of beneficiaries in need.

$539 million funding appeal to address humanitarian needs in Palestine during 2018

14 Mar 2018 |
Jamie McGoldrick, the Humanitarian Coordinator

Joint press release, Gaza: Today, the Minister of Social Development of the State of Palestine, H.E. Dr. Ibrahim Al-Shaer, and the Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr. Jamie McGoldrick, launched the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for 2018, to support the humanitarian needs of 1.9 million Palestinians in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt).

Humanitarian needs overview 2018 | Dashboard

14 Mar 2018 |

The humanitarian context of the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is unique amongst today’s crises and remains directly tied to the impact of the occupation, which marked its 50th year in June 2017. Across the oPt, one in two Palestinians, or roughly two and a half million people, will need some form of humanitarian assistance in 2018. The protracted nature of the crisis in the oPt demands greater coherence and synergies between humanitarian and development assistance. The humanitarian community in the oPt therefore endeavored to provide a deeper analysis of vulnerability in the 2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO), identifying the categories of vulnerable groups and drivers of vulnerability that are common to both the humanitarian and development sectors. The analysis and figures presented in the 2018 HNO and below are based on the cluster data collection conducted in the last quarter of 2017.

2018 - 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP)

28 Dec 2017 |

Of the 2.5 million people in need across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), 1.9 million people will be targeted for humanitarian assistance in 2018. The financial requirements to deliver this assistance in 2018 will be US$ 539.7 million.

2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO)

20 Dec 2017 |

The humanitarian context of the oPt is unique amongst today’s crises and remains directly tied to the impact of the occupation, which marked its 50th year in June 2017. A protracted protection crisis continues. At least 1.9 million Palestinians experience, or are at risk of, conflict and violence, displacement and denial of access to livelihoods, among other threats. The most vulnerable Palestinians are currently denied or restricted in their access to essential services such as water and health care. A recurrent cycle of shocks, natural and manmade, has eroded the resilience of vulnerable households to cope with the prolonged nature of the humanitarian crisis.

Humanitarian Dashboard | January-June 2017

10 Sep 2017 |

The humanitarian situation in Gaza deteriorated in the first half of 2017 due to an escalation in the internal Palestinian political divide. In the West Bank, no major changes in the situation were recorded during this period.

Appeal for funding to stabilize Gaza’s deteriorating humanitarian conditions

3 Jul 2017 |
North Gaza Sewage lagoons. Photo by OCHA, 2017

Humanitarian agencies in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) are calling upon the international community to provide US$25 million in new humanitarian funding to stabilize the spiralling humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip. In a document presented to diplomats today in Jerusalem, agencies identified top-priority, life-saving interventions in health, water, sanitation and hygiene, and food security sectors.