Reports

7 June 2018 |
Gilo checkpoint between Bethlehem and Jerusalem, third Friday of Ramadan, 1 June 2018. Photo by OCHA.

Israeli forces shot and killed a Palestinian woman, and injured 170 other Palestinians, during the 25 May and 1 June mass demonstrations along Israel’s perimeter fence with Gaza. Another seven Palestinians died during the reporting period of wounds sustained in previous weeks’ demonstrations. The fatality on 1 June was a 21-year-old female, killed on duty while volunteering with the Palestinian Medical Relief Society. United Nations officials and agencies have expressed outrage at the killing. Another Palestinian died of his wounds on 5 June, after being shot the day before by Israeli forces close to Israel’s perimeter fence in Khan Yunis, and his body is being withheld by the Israeli authorities. The ‘Great March of Return’ demonstrations, which started on 30 March, are expected to come to an end on 8 June.

5 June 2018 |
Health personnel giving first aid to those injured east of Khan Yunis, 4 May 2018. © Photo credit: WHO.

Over 13,000 Palestinians injured since the start of the Gaza demonstrations, exceeding the number of injuries during the 2014 hostilities, and further straining the already limited capacity of Gaza’s health system. The continuation of food assistance programmes targeting over 1.2 million poor Palestinians in the Gaza Strip during the second half of 2018 is at risk due to severe funding shortfalls. 84 settler attacks resulting in Palestinian casualties or property damage in the first four months of 2018, the highest such figure since 2014. Palestinian Bedouin community in the outskirts of East Jerusalem, in Area C of the West Bank, at heightened risk of forcible transfer, following a final ruling by the Israeli Supreme Court.

24 May 2018 |

On 14 May, Israeli forces killed 59 Palestinians, including seven children, and injured 2,900 in the Gaza Strip, according to the Palestinian Ministry of Health (MoH), marking the highest casualty toll in the oPt in a single day since the 2014 hostilities. Palestinian protestors injured one Israeli soldier. Of the Palestinian injuries during the day, 1,322 (45 per cent) were by live ammunition. The casualties occurred in the context of the ‘Great March of Return’, which began on 30 March, and coincided with the official transfer of the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. For further details, see OCHA’s Flash Update.

18 May 2018 |
A donor-funded multi-purpose caravan in Jabal al Baba (Jerusalem) that was dismantled by residents on 23 April due to lack of permit. Photo by OCHA.

In April, a total of 44 Palestinian-owned structures were demolished or seized by the Israeli authorities in the West Bank, an increase compared to the monthly average during the first quarter of 2018 (33 structures) and during 2017 (35 structures). However, given that the majority of the targeted structures were non-residential or not inhabited, the number of people displaced during April (13) significantly declined, while the number of people who had their livelihoods and access services affected (584), increased compared to the first quarter of 2018.

14 May 2018 |

Longstanding restrictions on the movement of people and goods to and from Gaza have undermined the living conditions of approximately two million Palestinians in that area. Many of the current restrictions, originally imposed by Israel in the early 1990s, were intensified after June 2007, following the Hamas takeover of Gaza and the imposition of a blockade. These restrictions continue to reduce access to livelihoods, essential services and housing, disrupt family life, and undermine people’s hopes for a secure and prosperous future. The situation has been compounded by the restrictions imposed since June 2013 by the Egyptian authorities at Rafah Crossing, which had become the main crossing point used by Palestinian passengers in the Gaza Strip, given the restrictions on the Israeli-controlled crossings.

10 May 2018 |
Mohammed al-Ajouri. Right leg amputated after he was shot and injured by Israeli forces during a demonstration in Gaza on 30 March.

40 Palestinians killed by Israeli forces during mass demonstrations in the Gaza Strip, and 6,800 injured; nearly 30 per cent of injuries by live ammunition (as of 30 April). Humanitarian agencies appealed for US$5.3 million for Gaza, for healthcare, mental health and psychological support, and protection monitoring. Electricity cuts of up to 20 hours a day continue to undermine service provision in Gaza, including education. Palestinian Bedouin community in Area C of the West Bank at heightened risk of forcible transfer following  court hearing.

10 May 2018 |
Humanitarian Fund 2017

In 2017, the oPt Humanitarian Fund was able to utilize its available resources to improve the efficiency of the humanitarian response, by directing funding towards the most urgent, priority humanitarian needs, through an inclusive process that includes all stakeholders, with strong participation of national actors. The oPt HF continues to be a valuable tool to leverage the leadership of the HC and activate the humanitarian architecture to meet needs, in close collaboration with the Fund’s donors locally. With support from the OCHA oPt Country Office, this relatively small Fund has been to ensure the greatest benefit to the largest number of beneficiaries in need.

10 May 2018 |

The series of mass demonstrations along Israel’s perimeter fence with Gaza, which started on 30 March, continued for the seventh consecutive week. The demonstrations take place at five tent camps located about 600-700 metres from the perimeter fence with Israel. A few hundred demonstrators, out of tens of thousands, have attempted to breach the fence, burnt tires and thrown rocks at Israeli forces, and flown kites with flaming materials attached to them into Israeli territory. The latter have used rubber bullets, tear gas and live ammunition, including by snipers deployed along the fence. On 27 April, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights called on Israel to ensure that its security forces do not resort to the use of excessive force and also called for those responsible to be held accountable: a significant decrease in the use of live ammunition was noted in the protests on 4 May. On 30 April, the Israeli High Court of Justice (HCJ) held a hearing in response to a petition submitted by two groups of NGOs, against the Israeli authorities’ opening-fire regulations in the context of the current demonstrations. The case is ongoing.

27 April 2018 |

The series of mass demonstrations in Gaza, which began on 30 March in the context of the ‘Great March of Return’, continued during the reporting period. The demonstrations have taken place at five tent camps located about 600-700 meters from the perimeter fence with Israel. A few hundred demonstrators, out of tens of thousands, have approached and attempted to breach the fence, burnt tires, threw rocks and, according to Israeli sources, threw fire bombs and other explosive devices at Israeli forces, or placed them along the fence. The latter have used rubber bullets, tear gas and live ammunition, including by some one hundred snipers deployed along the fence.

16 April 2018 |

Longstanding restrictions on the movement of people and goods to and from Gaza have undermined the living conditions of approximately two million Palestinians in that area. Many of the current restrictions, originally imposed by Israel in the early 1990s, were intensified after June 2007, following the Hamas takeover of Gaza and the imposition of a blockade. These restrictions continue to reduce access to livelihoods, essential services and housing, disrupt family life, and undermine people’s hopes for a secure and prosperous future. The situation has been compounded by the restrictions imposed since June 2013 by the Egyptian authorities at Rafah Crossing, which had become the main crossing point used by Palestinian passengers in the Gaza Strip, given the restrictions on the Israeli-controlled crossings.

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