Situation Reports

In response to sudden-onset, large-scale emergencies, OCHA prepares Situation Reports that capture the overall scale of the disaster and humanitarian needs, the response given, funding of the emergency and gaps. Situation reports are key humanitarian products that help coordinate efforts, avoid duplication of humanitarian work and fill in the gaps.

11 August 2014 |

The 72 hour-long ceasefire is holding into its second day, with no violations reported. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has declined, but at least 335,000 people still remain in emergency shelters or with host families. These numbers are expected to rise again if hostilities resume. Alternative housing will be needed for the approximately 100,000 people whose homes have been destroyed or severely damaged. The number of child fatalities, at 459, exceeds the combined number of children killed in the two previous conflicts in Gaza, 350 in 2008-9 and 35 in 2012. An exceptional food distribution is ongoing, targeting families (730,000 people) who do not regularly receive food assistance from UNRWA and WFP.

10 August 2014 |

Hostilities have continued at the lower level of intensity of recent days, but continue to result in additional Palestinian fatalities and property damage across the Gaza Strip. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) continues to climb, with at least another 20,000 returning to UNRWA and government schools used as shelters. At least 425,000 people are now displaced in emergency shelters or with host families. According to latest estimates, 11,855 housing units in Gaza have been destroyed or severely damaged by Israeli attacks, and another 36,000 have suffered damage; reconstruction and repair costs are estimated at US$ 410 million. Despite ongoing repairs to the electricity and water networks, electricity supply to households is only between three and six hours a day and half of the population remains without or with very little running water.

9 August 2014 |

Hostilities resumed, resulting in five Palestinian fatalities and significant damage to property across the Gaza Strip. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) climbed again, with at least 60,000 returning to UNRWA and government shelters, renewing concerns about overcrowding and health risks. Nearly 10,800 homes in Gaza have been destroyed or severely damaged during Israeli attacks, 70 per cent more than during the “Caste Lead Operation” in 2008/9; reconstruction and repair costs of residential structures are estimated at US$ 238 million. Despite the repair of most feeder lines from Israel, only 10 per cent of the electricity received is utilized due to the extensive damage sustained by the internal distribution network; there has been only minor increase in electricity
supply to households. About half of the population remains without or with very little water supply, while the other half receives water for a few hours every five days.

8 August 2014 |

The 72-hour-ceasefire expired this morning at 08:00, without agreement being reached regarding an extension. Rocket fire from Gaza resumed shortly after the deadline, followed by Israeli strikes on Gaza. Rescue teams have retrieved additional bodies, bringing the cumulative death toll of Palestinians to 1,922, of whom 1,407 are believed to be civilians, including 448 children; the status of 297 fatalities remains to be determined. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in UNRWA and government shelters has declined to approximately 200,000. With the resumption of hostilities
these numbers are expected to climb again. 10,000 of the estimated 46,000 pregnant women in Gaza are displaced. Shifa Hospital has reported a 15 to 20 per cent increase in premature births. Explosive remnants of war are posing a major threat to civilians, particularly in the three kilometer-wide band, previously declared as a “buffer zone”. Latest Developments: 12:00. A Palestinian boy was killed and six others wounded in an Israeli air strike in Gaza city, and several Israelis reportedly wounded by mortar shrapnel.

7 August 2014 |

The 72-hour-ceasefire, which expires tomorrow at 08:00, continues to hold. Rescue teams have retrieved additional bodies, bringing the cumulative death toll of Palestinians to 1,869, of whom 1,380 are
believed to be civilians, including 423 children; the status of 272 fatalities is yet to be determined. Explosive remnants of war are posing a major threat to civilians, particularly in the three kilometer-wide band, previously declared as a “buffer zone”. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in UNRWA and government shelters continues to decline, mainly in northern Gaza and Rafah, and now stands at approximately 202,000. The number of displaced outside these shelters is unknown. The lull allowed for the repair of critical electricity, water and sanitation infrastructure; half of the population may start receiving water once every five days. A joint needs assessment by humanitarian partners will be launched in the coming days if the ceasefire is extended.

6 August 2014 |

The Egyptian proposal for a 72-hour cease-fire which entered into force yesterday at 08:00 is holding, with no reports of violations or casualties. Rescue teams continue to retrieve bodies from the rubble. The cumulative death toll of Palestinians is at least 1,843, with civilians representing the majority of those whose status and identity has been verified. Children have borne the brunt of the emergency, with 415 killed. Thousands of explosive remnants of war are posing a major threat to children, farmers, IDPs returning home and humanitarian workers. The number of internally displaced persons in UNRWA shelters has declined from a peak of over 273,000 on 4 August to 187,000 by this morning. These numbers could rise again if hostilities resume. Alternative housing will be needed for the approximately 65,000 people whose homes have been destroyed or damaged beyond repair.

5 August 2014 |

An Egyptian proposal for a 72-hour cease-fire, accepted by Israel and Palestinian armed groups, entered into force today at 08:00. Israeli forces withdrew from the Gaza Strip and declared a 500 meter-wide ‘no go zone’ on the Gaza side of the border. Over 85 per cent of Palestinian fatalities since the start of the emergency are believed to be civilians (excluding those whose bodies could not be identified or their status determined); child fatalities exceeded 400. Nearly 30 per cent of Gaza’s population has been displaced, including about 65,000 people whose homes have been destroyed
or damaged beyond repair and have nowhere to return. Insecurity and overcrowded conditions fuel frustration and anger among IDPs hosted in UNRWA shelters; multiple incidents of violence against shelter staff and between families have been reported. Lack of adequate transportation arrangements impedes the transfer of patients to medical facilities outside of Gaza, needed for lifesaving treatment and to free up beds for casualties.

4 August 2014 |

Although the Israeli military presence has been scaled back in parts of Gaza, hostilities have continued. In the last 24 hours, at least 192 persons have reportedly been killed or their bodies recovered.
• A Israeli missile landed outside the gate of an UNRWA school in Rafah, killing at least nine people, including women and children, and injuring approximately 45. • Children continue to bear the brunt of the crisis, with 373 killed and at least 2,744 injured. The public health system is on the verge of collapse: while the number of casualties continues to grow, additional hospitals and clinics have reported damage due to hostilities. Up to 25 per cent of Gaza’s population may now be forcibly displaced, of whom 270,000 are hosted in UNRWA shelters alone. A humanitarian pause is urgently needed to complete search and rescue operations, repair critical water and electricity infrastructure, access remote areas, and carry out needs assessments.

3 August 2014 |

The Rafah area was subject to the heaviest shelling and fighting recorded since the start of the emergency, resulting in dozens of fatalities; many of the bodies could not yet be recovered or identified. The public health system is on the verge of collapse: while the number of casualties continues to grow, five hospitals and 34 clinics have shut down due to damage and insecurity. Up to 25 per cent of Gaza’s population may now be forcibly displaced, of whom 259,000 are hosted in UNRWA shelters alone. Lack of electricity and fuel shortages disrupt the functioning of hospitals and affect access
to water for the entire population. The current lack of adequate water chlorination may have serious public health consequences.

2 August 2014 |

A 72-hour humanitarian ceasefire scheduled to enter into effect at 08:00 this morning collapsed after two hours. Following the collapse of the ceasefire, hostilities resumed with reports of large numbers of Palestinian fatalities and injuries in Rafah. Incidents of multiple family member fatalities continue: at least 76 families have lost three or more family members in the same incident, totaling over 400
fatalities. Up to 25 per cent of Gaza’s population may now be forcibly displaced; a quarter of a million people are now seeking refuge in UNRWA shelters alone. Lack of electricity and fuel shortages affect access to water for the entire population of the Gaza Strip. The lack of adequate water chlorination may have serious public health consequences.

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