Situation Reports

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In response to sudden-onset, large-scale emergencies, OCHA prepares Situation Reports that capture the overall scale of the disaster and humanitarian needs, the response given, funding of the emergency and gaps. Situation reports are key humanitarian products that help coordinate efforts, avoid duplication of humanitarian work and fill in the gaps.

15 August 2014 |

The five-day temporary ceasefire which entered into effect at midnight 13 August is holding, with no major incidents reported. The situation of internally displaced persons (IDPs) is fluid and has risen again, with 218,367 now seeking refuge in 87 UNRWA schools designated as emergency shelters. Alternative housing will be needed for the approximately 100,000 people whose homes have been destroyed or severely damaged. An exceptional one-off food distribution, targeting families who do not regularly receive food assistance, is continuing with 150,000 out of a targeted 730,000 people now reached.

14 August 2014 |

The temporary ceasefire which expired at midnight last night has been extended for another five days, while negotiations towards a long-term ceasefire continue. Thousands of explosive remnants of war (ERW) remain dispersed throughout civilian areas. Yesterday, six people were killed and six others injured when an unexploded ordnance in Beit Lahia detonated. Approximately 350,000 people internally displaced persons (IDPs) still remain in emergency shelters or with host families. Alternative housing will be needed for the approximately 100,000 people whose homes have been destroyed or severely damaged. The first phase of a joint humanitarian assessment continued today to assess damage and inform responses by humanitarian organizations.

13 August 2014 |

The 72-hour-long ceasefire is holding into its third day but is scheduled to expire at midnight tonight. Negotiations between the parties are ongoing in Egypt towards reaching a lasting solution. Approximately 370,000 people internally displaced persons (IDPs) still remain in emergency shelters or with host families. These numbers are expected to rise as the ceasefire deadline nears.  Alternative housing will be needed for the approximately 100,000 people whose homes have been destroyed or severely damaged. The number of child fatalities, at 459, exceeds the combined
number of children killed in the two previous conflicts in Gaza, 350 in 2008-9 and 35 in 2012. The first phase of a joint humanitarian assessment was launched today to assess damage and inform responses by humanitarian organizations. Latest development: 11:00. Six people, including an Italian journalist, were killed and six others injured by unexploded ordnance in Beit Lahia.

12 August 2014 |

The 72 hour-long ceasefire is holding into its second day, with no violations reported. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has declined, but at least 335,000 people still remain in emergency shelters or with host families. These numbers are expected to rise again if hostilities resume. Alternative housing will be needed for the approximately 100,000 people whose homes have been destroyed or severely damaged. The number of child fatalities, at 459, exceeds the combined number of children killed in the two previous conflicts in Gaza, 350 in 2008-9 and 35 in 2012. An exceptional food distribution is ongoing, targeting families (730,000 people) who do not regularly receive food assistance from UNRWA and WFP.

11 August 2014 |

The 72 hour-long ceasefire is holding into its second day, with no violations reported. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has declined, but at least 335,000 people still remain in emergency shelters or with host families. These numbers are expected to rise again if hostilities resume. Alternative housing will be needed for the approximately 100,000 people whose homes have been destroyed or severely damaged. The number of child fatalities, at 459, exceeds the combined number of children killed in the two previous conflicts in Gaza, 350 in 2008-9 and 35 in 2012. An exceptional food distribution is ongoing, targeting families (730,000 people) who do not regularly receive food assistance from UNRWA and WFP.

10 August 2014 |

Hostilities have continued at the lower level of intensity of recent days, but continue to result in additional Palestinian fatalities and property damage across the Gaza Strip. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) continues to climb, with at least another 20,000 returning to UNRWA and government schools used as shelters. At least 425,000 people are now displaced in emergency shelters or with host families. According to latest estimates, 11,855 housing units in Gaza have been destroyed or severely damaged by Israeli attacks, and another 36,000 have suffered damage; reconstruction and repair costs are estimated at US$ 410 million. Despite ongoing repairs to the electricity and water networks, electricity supply to households is only between three and six hours a day and half of the population remains without or with very little running water.

9 August 2014 |

Hostilities resumed, resulting in five Palestinian fatalities and significant damage to property across the Gaza Strip. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) climbed again, with at least 60,000 returning to UNRWA and government shelters, renewing concerns about overcrowding and health risks. Nearly 10,800 homes in Gaza have been destroyed or severely damaged during Israeli attacks, 70 per cent more than during the “Caste Lead Operation” in 2008/9; reconstruction and repair costs of residential structures are estimated at US$ 238 million. Despite the repair of most feeder lines from Israel, only 10 per cent of the electricity received is utilized due to the extensive damage sustained by the internal distribution network; there has been only minor increase in electricity
supply to households. About half of the population remains without or with very little water supply, while the other half receives water for a few hours every five days.

8 August 2014 |

The 72-hour-ceasefire expired this morning at 08:00, without agreement being reached regarding an extension. Rocket fire from Gaza resumed shortly after the deadline, followed by Israeli strikes on Gaza. Rescue teams have retrieved additional bodies, bringing the cumulative death toll of Palestinians to 1,922, of whom 1,407 are believed to be civilians, including 448 children; the status of 297 fatalities remains to be determined. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in UNRWA and government shelters has declined to approximately 200,000. With the resumption of hostilities
these numbers are expected to climb again. 10,000 of the estimated 46,000 pregnant women in Gaza are displaced. Shifa Hospital has reported a 15 to 20 per cent increase in premature births. Explosive remnants of war are posing a major threat to civilians, particularly in the three kilometer-wide band, previously declared as a “buffer zone”. Latest Developments: 12:00. A Palestinian boy was killed and six others wounded in an Israeli air strike in Gaza city, and several Israelis reportedly wounded by mortar shrapnel.

7 August 2014 |

The 72-hour-ceasefire, which expires tomorrow at 08:00, continues to hold. Rescue teams have retrieved additional bodies, bringing the cumulative death toll of Palestinians to 1,869, of whom 1,380 are
believed to be civilians, including 423 children; the status of 272 fatalities is yet to be determined. Explosive remnants of war are posing a major threat to civilians, particularly in the three kilometer-wide band, previously declared as a “buffer zone”. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in UNRWA and government shelters continues to decline, mainly in northern Gaza and Rafah, and now stands at approximately 202,000. The number of displaced outside these shelters is unknown. The lull allowed for the repair of critical electricity, water and sanitation infrastructure; half of the population may start receiving water once every five days. A joint needs assessment by humanitarian partners will be launched in the coming days if the ceasefire is extended.

6 August 2014 |

The Egyptian proposal for a 72-hour cease-fire which entered into force yesterday at 08:00 is holding, with no reports of violations or casualties. Rescue teams continue to retrieve bodies from the rubble. The cumulative death toll of Palestinians is at least 1,843, with civilians representing the majority of those whose status and identity has been verified. Children have borne the brunt of the emergency, with 415 killed. Thousands of explosive remnants of war are posing a major threat to children, farmers, IDPs returning home and humanitarian workers. The number of internally displaced persons in UNRWA shelters has declined from a peak of over 273,000 on 4 August to 187,000 by this morning. These numbers could rise again if hostilities resume. Alternative housing will be needed for the approximately 65,000 people whose homes have been destroyed or damaged beyond repair.

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