Reports

19 July 2018 |

On 14 July, two Palestinian children were killed, and another 33 Palestinians and four Israelis were injured, in one of the most serious escalations in the Gaza Strip and southern Israel since the 2014 hostilities. The Israeli air force targeted dozens of military sites and open areas in Gaza in multiple airstrikes, one of which hit a building in Gaza City; two 14-year-old children, who were staying in a nearby park, were killed and another 31 people, including five children, were injured. Over 50 buildings, including homes, schools and health facilities located next to the targeted sites sustained some damage. Palestinian armed groups fired some 200 rockets and mortar shells at southern Israel, the vast majority of which fell in open areas or were intercepted in the air. One of the rockets hit a home in the Israeli town of Sderot, injuring four Israelis, including two children, and another exploded near a synagogue. An informal ceasefire, brokered by Egypt and the UN, was reached on the evening of the same day; however, sporadic airstrikes/shelling and mortar fire continued during the reporting period, injuring three Palestinian men and damaging a house.

12 July 2018 |

Longstanding restrictions on the movement of people and goods to and from Gaza have undermined the living conditions of about two million Palestinians in that area. Many of the restrictions, originally imposed by Israel in the early 1990s, were intensified after June 2007, following the Hamas takeover of Gaza and the imposition of a blockade. These restrictions continue to reduce access to livelihoods, essential services and housing, disrupt family life, and undermine people’s hopes for a secure and prosperous future. Between June 2013 and May 2018, restrictions imposed at Rafah Crossing with Egypt further compounded the situation.

11 July 2018 |
Demolition of an extension of a house in Beit Hanina, East Jerusalem, on 26 June. Photo by OCHA.

Demolitions resumed in the second half of June, mostly in East Jerusalem. 22 per cent decline in demolitions in the first half of 2018, compared to the equivalent period in 2017. No donor-funded structure demolished or seized in June. 67 per cent decline in the number of donor-funded structures targeted in the first half of 2018.

10 July 2018 |
Injured Palestinian boy treated at MSF rehabilitation centre, Gaza City. © Photo by OCHA

$4.8 million urgently required for trauma management and emergency healthcare response to Gaza demonstrations. Housing survey reveals that 43,700 substandard homes in Gaza require full reconstruction or emergency shelter assistance. Military order allowing the demolition of new unlicensed structures in Area C within 96 hours from the issuance of a notice, frozen, pending decision by Israeli Supreme Court. Palestinian families move out of the Batan al Hawa neighbourhood in East Jerusalem due to coercive environment by Israeli settler presence.

5 July 2018 |

Israeli forces killed two Palestinians, including one child, and injured 615 others, including 23 children, during the mass demonstrations that took place on 22 and 29 June along Israel’s perimeter fence with Gaza in the context of the ‘Great March of Return’. The child fatality, an eleven-year-old boy, was shot in the head with live ammunition during a demonstration east of Khan Yunis on 29 June. This brings to 19 the number of children killed in Gaza since the start of these protests on 30 March, including one whose body is being withheld by the Israeli authorities. During the reporting period, another two Palestinians died of wounds sustained in previous weeks’ demonstrations. Some 222 of the reported injuries were hospitalized, including 101 people injured by live ammunition. For cumulative casualty figures and breakdowns

21 June 2018 |

Israeli forces killed four Palestinians, including a 14-year-old child, and injured 618 other Palestinians during the mass demonstration that took place on 8 June along Israel’s perimeter fence with Gaza. Another two Palestinians died during the reporting period of wounds sustained in previous weeks’ demonstrations. Over 40 per cent of the reported injuries were hospitalized, including 117 people hit by live ammunition. While the ‘Great March of Return’ demonstrations were expected to end on 8 June, it appears that they may continue on future Fridays. For cumulative casualty figures and breakdowns since the protests began on 30 March

20 June 2018 |
Demolition of a three-storey building in Al ‘Isawiya community (East Jerusalem) on 1 May. Photo by OCHA.

Demolitions halted during the second half of May due to the month of Ramadan. 12 Donor-funded structures demolished/seized, and six other structures placed at risk. Bedouin community in Area C at imminent risk of demolition and forcible transfer following final ruling by the
Israeli Supreme Court.

13 June 2018 |

Longstanding restrictions on the movement of people and goods to and from Gaza have undermined the living conditions of about two million Palestinians in that area. Many of the restrictions, originally imposed by Israel in the early 1990s, were intensified after June 2007, following the Hamas takeover of Gaza and the imposition of a blockade. These restrictions continue to reduce access to livelihoods, essential services and housing, disrupt family life, and undermine people’s hopes for a secure and prosperous future. Between June 2013 and May 2018, restrictions imposed at Rafah Crossing with Egypt further compounded the situation

7 June 2018 |
Gilo checkpoint between Bethlehem and Jerusalem, third Friday of Ramadan, 1 June 2018. Photo by OCHA.

Israeli forces shot and killed a Palestinian woman, and injured 170 other Palestinians, during the 25 May and 1 June mass demonstrations along Israel’s perimeter fence with Gaza. Another seven Palestinians died during the reporting period of wounds sustained in previous weeks’ demonstrations. The fatality on 1 June was a 21-year-old female, killed on duty while volunteering with the Palestinian Medical Relief Society. United Nations officials and agencies have expressed outrage at the killing. Another Palestinian died of his wounds on 5 June, after being shot the day before by Israeli forces close to Israel’s perimeter fence in Khan Yunis, and his body is being withheld by the Israeli authorities. The ‘Great March of Return’ demonstrations, which started on 30 March, are expected to come to an end on 8 June.

5 June 2018 |
Health personnel giving first aid to those injured east of Khan Yunis, 4 May 2018. © Photo credit: WHO.

Over 13,000 Palestinians injured since the start of the Gaza demonstrations, exceeding the number of injuries during the 2014 hostilities, and further straining the already limited capacity of Gaza’s health system. The continuation of food assistance programmes targeting over 1.2 million poor Palestinians in the Gaza Strip during the second half of 2018 is at risk due to severe funding shortfalls. 84 settler attacks resulting in Palestinian casualties or property damage in the first four months of 2018, the highest such figure since 2014. Palestinian Bedouin community in the outskirts of East Jerusalem, in Area C of the West Bank, at heightened risk of forcible transfer, following a final ruling by the Israeli Supreme Court.

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