Reports

18 May 2018 |
A donor-funded multi-purpose caravan in Jabal al Baba (Jerusalem) that was dismantled by residents on 23 April due to lack of permit. Photo by OCHA.

In April, a total of 44 Palestinian-owned structures were demolished or seized by the Israeli authorities in the West Bank, an increase compared to the monthly average during the first quarter of 2018 (33 structures) and during 2017 (35 structures). However, given that the majority of the targeted structures were non-residential or not inhabited, the number of people displaced during April (13) significantly declined, while the number of people who had their livelihoods and access services affected (584), increased compared to the first quarter of 2018.

14 May 2018 |

Longstanding restrictions on the movement of people and goods to and from Gaza have undermined the living conditions of approximately two million Palestinians in that area. Many of the current restrictions, originally imposed by Israel in the early 1990s, were intensified after June 2007, following the Hamas takeover of Gaza and the imposition of a blockade. These restrictions continue to reduce access to livelihoods, essential services and housing, disrupt family life, and undermine people’s hopes for a secure and prosperous future. The situation has been compounded by the restrictions imposed since June 2013 by the Egyptian authorities at Rafah Crossing, which had become the main crossing point used by Palestinian passengers in the Gaza Strip, given the restrictions on the Israeli-controlled crossings.

10 May 2018 |
Mohammed al-Ajouri. Right leg amputated after he was shot and injured by Israeli forces during a demonstration in Gaza on 30 March.

40 Palestinians killed by Israeli forces during mass demonstrations in the Gaza Strip, and 6,800 injured; nearly 30 per cent of injuries by live ammunition (as of 30 April). Humanitarian agencies appealed for US$5.3 million for Gaza, for healthcare, mental health and psychological support, and protection monitoring. Electricity cuts of up to 20 hours a day continue to undermine service provision in Gaza, including education. Palestinian Bedouin community in Area C of the West Bank at heightened risk of forcible transfer following  court hearing.

10 May 2018 |

The series of mass demonstrations along Israel’s perimeter fence with Gaza, which started on 30 March, continued for the seventh consecutive week. The demonstrations take place at five tent camps located about 600-700 metres from the perimeter fence with Israel. A few hundred demonstrators, out of tens of thousands, have attempted to breach the fence, burnt tires and thrown rocks at Israeli forces, and flown kites with flaming materials attached to them into Israeli territory. The latter have used rubber bullets, tear gas and live ammunition, including by snipers deployed along the fence. On 27 April, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights called on Israel to ensure that its security forces do not resort to the use of excessive force and also called for those responsible to be held accountable: a significant decrease in the use of live ammunition was noted in the protests on 4 May. On 30 April, the Israeli High Court of Justice (HCJ) held a hearing in response to a petition submitted by two groups of NGOs, against the Israeli authorities’ opening-fire regulations in the context of the current demonstrations. The case is ongoing.

27 April 2018 |

The series of mass demonstrations in Gaza, which began on 30 March in the context of the ‘Great March of Return’, continued during the reporting period. The demonstrations have taken place at five tent camps located about 600-700 meters from the perimeter fence with Israel. A few hundred demonstrators, out of tens of thousands, have approached and attempted to breach the fence, burnt tires, threw rocks and, according to Israeli sources, threw fire bombs and other explosive devices at Israeli forces, or placed them along the fence. The latter have used rubber bullets, tear gas and live ammunition, including by some one hundred snipers deployed along the fence.

16 April 2018 |

Longstanding restrictions on the movement of people and goods to and from Gaza have undermined the living conditions of approximately two million Palestinians in that area. Many of the current restrictions, originally imposed by Israel in the early 1990s, were intensified after June 2007, following the Hamas takeover of Gaza and the imposition of a blockade. These restrictions continue to reduce access to livelihoods, essential services and housing, disrupt family life, and undermine people’s hopes for a secure and prosperous future. The situation has been compounded by the restrictions imposed since June 2013 by the Egyptian authorities at Rafah Crossing, which had become the main crossing point used by Palestinian passengers in the Gaza Strip, given the restrictions on the Israeli-controlled crossings.

16 April 2018 |
Seven structures demolished and 13 people displaced in Al Wata area of East Jerusalem. Photo by OCHA.

The relatively low level of destruction of Palestinian property observed in the first two months of 2018, further decreased in March, with a total of 28 structures demolished/seized/sealed, compared to a monthly average of 35 structures in 2017. This brings the total number of structures demolished/seized during the first quarter of 2018 to 97, representing around 50 and 20 per cent of the structures demolished/seized in the equivalent quarters of 2017 and 2016, respectively.

12 April 2018 |

Thirty-two (32) Palestinians were killed by Israeli forces, and 3,078 have been injured in the Gaza Strip during the reporting period, according to the Palestinian Ministry of Health (MoH) in Gaza. The majority of the casualties have taken place in the context of the ‘Great March of Return’, a series of protests that started on 30 March and are expected to continue up to 15 May, the 70th anniversary of what Palestinians refer to as the 1948 ‘Nakba’. The demonstrations have taken place on the Gaza side of the perimeter fence with Israel, where the Israeli army imposes a ‘No Go Zone’, citing security concerns. No Israeli casualties have been recorded.

5 April 2018 |
Clashes near the Gaza perimeter fence, east of Al Bureij camp, 30 March 2018. © Photo by Ahmad Nofal

18 Palestinians killed and 1,400 injured by Israeli forces in the Gaza Strip, the majority during demonstrations at the perimeter fence; concern over possible excessive use of force by Israeli soldiers. Some 22,000 people in Gaza are still displaced from the 2014 hostilities, primarily due to the lack of funding for reconstruction, and are living in precarious conditions and constant uncertainty. Seasonal expansions of the permitted fishing areas in Gaza have significantly increased the total catch, but this remains limited to low-value sardines; concern over the methods used to enforce access restrictions remain. The operation of mobile health clinics in 35 vulnerable communities in the West Bank has been halted, and is at risk in another 154 communities, due to severe funding gaps.

29 March 2018 |

Three Israelis, including two soldiers and one settler, as well as a Palestinian perpetrator, were killed in two reported Palestinian attacks in the West Bank. On 16 March, a 26-year-old Palestinian man drove his vehicle into a group of Israeli soldiers near the Mevo Dotan settlement (Jenin), killing two of them; he continued driving and ran over another group of soldiers injuring two, before being arrested by Israeli forces. While according to Palestinian eye witnesses this appeared to be a car accident, Israeli media sources indicated that the driver confessed that it was a deliberate attack. On 18 March, in the Old City of Jerusalem, a 28-year-old Palestinian man stabbed and killed a 32-year-old Israeli male settler. The perpetrator, from 'Aqraba village (Nablus), was shot and killed on the spot by an Israeli police officer and his body has been withheld by the Israeli authorities. Since the beginning of 2018, five Israelis and two Palestinian perpetrators have been killed during Palestinian attacks or alleged attacks

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