Stored ammunition explodes in a house, resulting in dozens of civilian injuries and extensive damage. Intermittent escalations involving launching of rockets and airstrikes recorded. Increase in the movement of people via the Israeli-controlled Erez Crossing. The Egyptian-controlled Rafah Crossing remains closed for a second consecutive month, with over 7,000 people registered to exit Gaza and thousands stranded outside.
One-day escalation results in Palestinian injuries and significant damage to infrastructure. Weekend curfew introduced to contain the spread of COVID-19. Increase in the movement of people via the Israeli-controlled Erez Crossing since the start of the pandemic. The Egyptian-controlled Rafah Crossing remained closed, with over 7,000 people registered to exit Gaza. Damage to agricultural land due to rainstorm and Israeli military operations.
Following the resumption of Palestinian-Israeli coordination the UN facilitation of the exit of patients has been terminated. The Rafah Crossing was opened for seven days, allowing over 8,000 people to cross in both directions. Increase in the number of Palestinians allowed through the Israeli-controlled Erez crossing. Concern over shortage of COVID-19 laboratory supplies.
No casualties recorded despite shooting incidents, rocket-firing and airstrikes. Increase in the exit of patients and their companions via the Israeli-controlled Erez Crossing, amid a continuous closure of the Rafah Crossing with Egypt. The unemployment rate in July-September reached nearly 49 per cent.
Decline in Israeli shooting incidents along the fence and at the sea; two Palestinian fishermen killed by the Egyptian navy. Easing of the COVID-related lockdown measures, including movement restrictions between governorates. A temporary UN mechanism to support the access of patients to medical treatment in the West Bank and Israel was launched. The Rafah passenger Crossing with Egypt opened for three days in both directions.
A strict lockdown was imposed by the local authorities in Gaza, following the detection of the first COVID-19 cases outside quarantine centres on 24 August. Intermittent hostilities in Gaza and southern Israel resulted in injuries and significant property damage on both sides. In response to the escalation, the Israeli authorities reduced the permissible fishing zone and halted the entry of most goods to Gaza, including fuel, leading to the shutdown of the Gaza Power Plant (GPP) and triggering power cuts for up to 20 hours a day. The Rafah passenger crossing with Egypt was reopened in both directions for three days, alongside a sharp increase in the entry of goods from Egypt throughout the month.
No casualties reported as a result of hostilities in Gaza for the second month in a row. Exit arrangements for treatment in Israel and East Jerusalem, via the Erez Crossing, continues to be affected due to the halt of coordination between the Palestinian and Israeli authorities. A male patient died after his exit to undergo urgent surgery in Israel was delayed due to the halt of coordination, the third in this context since 21 May. The Egyptian and Palestinian authorities kept the Rafah Crossing with Egypt closed between 15 May and 10 August to control the spread of COVID-19.
Two infants died after their exit arrangements for treatment in Israel and East Jerusalem have been delayed due to the halt of coordination between the Palestinian and Israeli authorities since 21 May. As part of the arrangements introduced by the Palestinian and Egyptian authorities in the context of COVID-19 crisis, the Rafah passenger crossing with Egypt has remained closed in both directions since 15 May. The volume of imports via the Kerem Shalom Crossing with Israel increased, while imports from Egypt declined; no change in the types of items imported. Supply of potable water in parts of Gaza city improved following increased production at the Gaza seawater desalination plant. Per capita GDP in the first quarter of 2020 dipped to US$331, down from $355 in the previous quarter. (PCBS)
As part of the measures to contain the pandemic, the de facto authorities announced the full closure of the two passenger crossings, from 23 May till the end of June; however, limited movement through the Erez crossing with Israel, continued in both directions. Exit of people through the Erez crossing has been also disrupted following the suspension of coordination between the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Israel while movement of goods through the Kerem Shalom crossing remained unchanged. A week-long heat wave triggered power cuts of 12 hours per day, up from nine hours during the rest of the month. The unemployment rate in the first quarter of 2020 stood at 46 per cent, the same as during the equivalent period in 2019; the figure only partially captures the impact of the COVID-19 measures, imposed since March.
In the context of COVID-19 restrictions, the passenger crossings with Egypt and Israel were largely closed during April, with crossing limited to humanitarian cases. The Rafah crossing was briefly opened in one direction to allow for the return of some 1,630 Palestinians from Egypt. Relative calm in the Gaza Strip continued. During the month, there were no incidents of rocket firing or air strikes. Municipalities across Gaza reported a gradual reduction in basic services, particularly waste collection, due to reduced revenues since the start of the COVID-19 crisis. The Qatari fund for purchasing fuel for the Gaza Power Plant was extended until September 2020, facilitating the provision of an average of 15 hours per day of electricity supply to residents.