Snapshots

21 November 2017 |

A series of measures implemented by the Palestinian Authority since March 2017, following an escalation in the internal Palestinian divide, have led to a deterioration in the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip. Against the backdrop of 10 years of Israel’s land, air and sea blockade, these measures have exacerbated Gaza’s energy crisis, resulting in increasing outages from 12-16 to 18-20 hours a day, worsened the salary crisis in the public sector, increased the shortage of essential drugs from around 33% in March to 45% in October and delayed the referral of patients for medical treatment outside Gaza. These developments have impacted the availability of essential services and the livelihoods of Gaza’s two million residents. The following indicators were identified by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) to monitor the evolution of the crisis, trigger humanitarian action and prevent further deterioration. Despite an agreement signed in October 2017 between Fatah and Hamas, most of the measures that triggered the recent deterioration have not been reversed.

25 October 2017 |

Against the backdrop of 10 years of Israel’s land, air and sea blockade, there has been an escalation in the internal Palestinian divide, since March 2017, which exacerbated Gaza’s energy crisis and resulted in outages of 18-20 hours a day. Additionally, the salary crisis in the public sector in Gaza has worsened; thousands of civil servants have been reportedly referred for early retirement; and the financial approval for the referral of hundreds of patients outside Gaza has been reportedly delayed/disrupted. These developments have impacted the availability of essential services and the livelihoods of Gaza’s two million residents. The following indicators were identified by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) to monitor the evolution of the crisis, trigger humanitarian action and prevent further deterioration. An agreement reached in late September 2017 between Fatah and Hamas may pave the way for a resolution of the internal Palestinian divide, and potentially reverse some of the negative trends highlighted in this snapshot.

20 September 2017 |

Against the backdrop of 10 years of Israel’s land, air and sea blockade, there has been an escalation in the internal Palestinian divide, since March 2017, which exacerbated Gaza’s energy crisis and resulted in outages of 18-20 hours a day. Additionally, the salary crisis in the public sector in Gaza has worsened; thousands of civil servants have been reportedly referred for early retirement; and the financial approval for the referral of hundreds of patients outside Gaza has been reportedly delayed/disrupted. These developments have impacted the availability of essential services and the livelihoods of Gaza’s two million residents. The following indicators were identified by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) to monitor the evolution of the crisis, trigger humanitarian action and prevent further deterioration.

25 August 2017 |

Against the backdrop of 10 years of Israel’s land, air and sea blockade, there has been an escalation in the internal Palestinian divide, since March 2017, which exacerbated Gaza’s energy crisis and resulted in outages of 18-20 hours a day. Additionally, the salary crisis in the public sector in Gaza has worsened; thousands of civil servants have been reportedly referred for early retirement; and the financial approval for the referral of hundreds of patients outside Gaza has been reportedly delayed/disrupted. These developments have impacted the availability of essential services and the livelihoods of Gaza’s two million residents. The following indicators were identified by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) to monitor the evolution of the crisis, trigger humanitarian action and prevent further deterioration.

14 August 2017 |

Against the backdrop of 10 years of Israel’s land, air and sea blockade, there has been an escalation in the internal Palestinian divide, since March 2017, which exacerbated Gaza’s energy crisis and resulted in outages of 18-20 hours a day. Additionally, the salary crisis in the public sector in Gaza has worsened; thousands of civil servants have been reportedly referred for early retirement; and the financial approval for the referral of hundreds of patients outside Gaza has been reportedly delayed/disrupted. These developments have impacted the availability of essential services and the livelihoods of Gaza’s two million residents. The following indicators were identified by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) to monitor the evolution of the crisis, trigger humanitarian action and prevent further deterioration.

5 April 2017 |

This overview provides a snapshot of movement and access restrictions affecting Palestinians in Gaza in 2016, as well as multi-year, trend analyses on key areas, including movement of people, movement of goods and access to land and sea areas.

17 March 2016 |
Gaza: Movement of people and goods

Israel has imposed a policy of closure towards the Gaza Strip since the early 1990s. This closure was supplemented in the mid-1990s by the construction of a fence around the perimeter of the territory. These measures have been accompanied by a range of restrictions on the movement of people and goods into, out of and within the Gaza Strip, many of which were intensified into a land, air and sea blockade, following the Hamas take-over of the Gaza Strip in June 2007. Related to this, Israel has maintained a policy of separating the Palestinian population of the Gaza Strip from that of the rest of the oPt.

14 December 2015 |

Heightened tension which began in mid-September 2015 in the Old City of Jerusalem, increased significantly from 1 October throughout the oPt and Israel, characterized by widespread confrontations with Israeli forces, alongside almost daily attacks on Israelis. In this context, serious protection concerns have been raised including related to deliberate attacks on Israeli civilians by Palestinians and excessive use of force against Palestinians by the Israeli military and police, including possible extra-judicial killings.As noted by the UN Deputy Secretary-General, the violence is taking place in the context of a “stifling and humiliating occupation that has lasted almost half a century.”

9 November 2015 |
Casualties in the oPt and Israel - October 2015

Heightened tension which began in mid-September 2015 in the Old City of Jerusalem, increased signicantly from 1 October throughout the oPt and Israel, characterized by widespread confrontations with Israeli forces, alongside almost daily attacks on Israelis. In this context, serious protection concerns have been raised including related to deliberate attacks on Israeli civilians by Palestinians and excessive use of force against Palestinians by Israeli military and police, including possible extra-judicial killings. As noted by the UN Deputy Secretary-General, the violence is taking place in the context of a “stifling and humiliating occupation that has lasted almost half a century.”

3 December 2014 |

The fifty one days of escalated hostilities that started on 7 July 2014 entailed intensive bombardments, rocket, mortar fire and ground operations across the Gaza Strip. This resulted in a record number of civilian casualties, the devastation of civilian buildings and infrastructure, and large scale displacement. Every man, woman and child in the Gaza Strip - some 1.8 million people – were directly affected by the conflict. Rocket fire from Gaza also affected communities in Israel. On 26 August, the parties to the conflict reached an open-ended cease-fire, which has held to date. However, the situation remains very fragile, due to the scale of the needs, the slow pace of reconstruction, the ongoing blockade and internal tensions. The situation could be further exacerbated in the event of anticipated, small-scale emergencies, such as winter flooding.