Snapshots

5 April 2017 |

This overview provides a snapshot of movement and access restrictions affecting Palestinians in Gaza in 2016, as well as multi-year, trend analyses on key areas, including movement of people, movement of goods and access to land and sea areas.

17 March 2016 |
Gaza: Movement of people and goods

Israel has imposed a policy of closure towards the Gaza Strip since the early 1990s. This closure was supplemented in the mid-1990s by the construction of a fence around the perimeter of the territory. These measures have been accompanied by a range of restrictions on the movement of people and goods into, out of and within the Gaza Strip, many of which were intensified into a land, air and sea blockade, following the Hamas take-over of the Gaza Strip in June 2007. Related to this, Israel has maintained a policy of separating the Palestinian population of the Gaza Strip from that of the rest of the oPt.

14 December 2015 |

Heightened tension which began in mid-September 2015 in the Old City of Jerusalem, increased significantly from 1 October throughout the oPt and Israel, characterized by widespread confrontations with Israeli forces, alongside almost daily attacks on Israelis. In this context, serious protection concerns have been raised including related to deliberate attacks on Israeli civilians by Palestinians and excessive use of force against Palestinians by the Israeli military and police, including possible extra-judicial killings.As noted by the UN Deputy Secretary-General, the violence is taking place in the context of a “stifling and humiliating occupation that has lasted almost half a century.”

9 November 2015 |
Casualties in the oPt and Israel - October 2015

Heightened tension which began in mid-September 2015 in the Old City of Jerusalem, increased signicantly from 1 October throughout the oPt and Israel, characterized by widespread confrontations with Israeli forces, alongside almost daily attacks on Israelis. In this context, serious protection concerns have been raised including related to deliberate attacks on Israeli civilians by Palestinians and excessive use of force against Palestinians by Israeli military and police, including possible extra-judicial killings. As noted by the UN Deputy Secretary-General, the violence is taking place in the context of a “stifling and humiliating occupation that has lasted almost half a century.”

3 December 2014 |

The fifty one days of escalated hostilities that started on 7 July 2014 entailed intensive bombardments, rocket, mortar fire and ground operations across the Gaza Strip. This resulted in a record number of civilian casualties, the devastation of civilian buildings and infrastructure, and large scale displacement. Every man, woman and child in the Gaza Strip - some 1.8 million people – were directly affected by the conflict. Rocket fire from Gaza also affected communities in Israel. On 26 August, the parties to the conflict reached an open-ended cease-fire, which has held to date. However, the situation remains very fragile, due to the scale of the needs, the slow pace of reconstruction, the ongoing blockade and internal tensions. The situation could be further exacerbated in the event of anticipated, small-scale emergencies, such as winter flooding.

26 September 2014 |

The seven weeks of escalated hostilities that started on 7 July 2014 entailed intensive bombardments, rocket ,mortar fire and ground operations across the Gaza Strip. This resulted in a record number of civilian casualties, the devastation of civilian buildings and infrastructure, and large scale displacement. Every man, woman and child in the Gaza Strip - some 1.8 million people – were directly affected by the conflict. Rocket fire from Gaza also affected communities in Israel. On 26 August, the parties to the conflict reached an open-ended cease-fire, which has held to date.

24 September 2014 |

The period between June and August 2014 was marked by heightened tensions and clashes across the West Bank, alongside concerns over excessive use of force by Israeli forces in crowd control situations. The resulting rise in casualties started amid Israeli military operations triggered by the abduction and killing of three Israeli youths near Bethlehem, on 12 June, and continued in the context of protests against the abduction and killing of a Palestinian boy in East Jerusalem, on 2 July, and against the Israeli offensive in the Gaza Strip between 7 July and 26 August. These events exacerbated pre-existing tensions, including as a result of the continuous settlement expansion and the collapse of the peace negotiations.

12 September 2014 |

The open-ended ceasefire which entered into force on 26 August continues to hold. The scale of damage resulting from the 50-day escalation in hostilities is unprecedented since the beginning of the Israeli occupation in 1967. All governorates in Gaza witnessed extensive aerial bombardment, naval shelling and artillery fire, resulting in the widespread loss of life and livelihoods. Damage to public infrastructure was also unprecedented, leaving hundreds of thousands of people without adequate services, including electricity, clean water and quality healthcare. The majority of the Gaza population has lost its productive assets. According to the Palestinian Federation of Industries, 419 businesses and workshops were damaged, with 128 completely destroyed. With limited activity at the commercial crossings and extensive damage to private infrastructure and other productive assets, business activities were largely paralyzed during the operation. Hostilities forced farmers and herders to abandon their lands, and resulted in substantial direct damage to Gaza's 17,000 hectares of croplands as well as much of its agricultural infrastructure, including greenhouses, irrigation systems, animal farms, fodder stocks and fishing boats. Access to the sea was also prohibited for most of the 50 days of hostilities; restrictions have been restored to the six nautical mile limit, but there have been reports of shooting at, and detaining,fishermen in recent days, reportedly for exceeding this limit.

1 September 2014 |

On 7 July 2014, a humanitarian emergency began in the Gaza Strip, following a severe escalation in hostilities involving intense Israeli aerial and navy bombardment and Palestinian rocket firing. The humanitarian impact of these hostilities occurred against a backdrop of heightened vulnerability and instability in Gaza. The scope of damage and destruction incurred during the recent escalation is unprecedented in the Gaza Strip. Humanitarian partners, through the cluster system, have been scaling up their responses to reach people in need and carrying out rapid needs assessment to better understand and respond to the full scope of needs. This ‘Who does What and Where’ snapshot illustrates the different activities undertaken by humanitarian actors per cluster.

1 September 2014 |

As the ceasefire allows for more in-depth sectoral assessments to be conducted, it is clear that the scale of damage is unprecedented, with approximately 13 per cent of the housing stock affected in Gaza Strip. Five per cent of the housing stock is uninhabitable - an estimated 17,000 housing units have been either destroyed or severely damaged, leaving approximately 100,000 people homeless. This is in addition to the pre-crisis housing deficit of 71,000 housing units, due to people living in overcrowded or inadequate conditions. The provision of temporary housing solutions to these people is one of the major challenges facing the local authorities and the humanitarian community in the coming period.

Gaza’s public services, already over stretched, were placed under extreme strain during the conflict. Water and electricity networks were damaged and Gaza’s only power plant shut down after an Israeli airstrike on 29 July. Necessary repairs and maintenance could not take place due to hostilities and, in several instances, the direct targeting of personnel: at least 14 electricity, water and waste water technicians employed by local utilities were killed by Israeli attacks and at least ten others were injured. Despite extensive repairs, electricity outages of 18 hours a day continue in most areas across Gaza, and only 10 per cent of the population receive water once a day.