The Humanitarian Programme Cycle

The Humanitarian Programme Cycle refers to a series of actions undertaken in the management of international humanitarian response operations. These must be conducted, to the extent possible, in collaboration with and in support of national and local authorities.

Humanitarian Response Cycle

The actions in the cycle, described below, are inter-related and should be managed in a seamless manner using a coherent approach and a common set of tools.

  • Emergency preparedness is a distinct element of, and underpins, the entire cycle.
  • Timely, coordinated assessments and analysis identify the needs of affected people and provide the evidence base for planning the response.
  • Coordinated planning allows for the formulation of strategic objectives, what needs to be done to meet them, and how much it will cost.
  • Funding and other resources are mobilized for the system based on and in support of the strategic response plan.
  • Monitoring of agreed output and outcome indicators and the tracking of financial information demonstrates results and informs decision-making about the plan.

While implementation of the cycle should be flexible and adaptable to different country situations, it must at a minimum address the above elements. Whenever possible, it should support national and local partners, including NGOs, civil society and communities, and complement or build on existing frameworks; it should contribute to a response that builds resilience to future disasters.

More information on the specific elements of the HPC can be found here.

The Humanitarian Response Plan in the occupied Palestinian territory

The humanitarian community in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) has developed an annual humanitarian plan for the oPt every year since 2003. The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) primarily focuses on addressing humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as well as in Area C and East Jerusalem of the West Bank, where the most vulnerable populations have been identified and where the reach of the Palestinian Authority is most limited.

Humanitarian assistance in the oPt aims to address needs and vulnerability mostly arising from the policies and practices linked to the occupation and the blockade. Those targeted for assistance are those most in need of protection, access to essential services and interventions that will allow them to cope with the effects of the prolonged occupation and shocks.

At a minimum, the HRP aims to protect the rights and stabilize the situation of the protected population until longer term development and political solutions are found. The HRP complements national and international longer term development strategies, such as the Palestinian National Development Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).

Read more on the latest Humanitarian Response Plan here.

Humanitarian Dashboard | 1 January - 31 March 2016

4 May 2016 |
Humanitarian Dashboard covering the first quarter of 2016

The major drivers of humanitarian vulnerability in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) remain unchanged in 2016. The situation is characterized by a protracted occupation, now approaching its 50th year, the systematic denial of Palestinian rights, and continuing conflict, punctuated by frequent outbreaks of violence. The 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) is currently 20.5% funded, with $117 million of requested requirements met. The 2016 HRP has received less funds, both in percentage and in absolute terms, compared with funding received this time last year for the 2015 SRP, Only 11% of the requested funds for top priority projects has been received to date, while “other priority” projects have 19% funding coverage. Funding between clusters has been fairly even.

2015 Humanitarian Response Plan: End of Year Monitoring Update

18 Mar 2016 |

Overall, funding has been good, with a more even distribution of funding across clusters than in recent years. Despite funding gaps, clusters were able to reach many of those targeted however, in most cases this has been with fewer types of interventions than planned.

2016 Humanitarian Needs Overview and Response Plan Dashboard

10 Feb 2016 |

The oPt is unique amongst today’s humanitarian crises. The needs identified are directly linked to Israel's occupation, now approaching its 50th year. While needs surged in the Gaza Strip since mid-2014 following a 51-day escalation of hostilities and substantial needs remain one year later, the underlying challenges remain unchanged across oPt.

2016 Humanitarian Response Plan for the occupied Palestinian territory

22 Jan 2016 |
Photo: OCHA

​The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), an inter-agency plan coordinated annually by OCHA, intends to support one in three Palestinians in the occupied Palestinians territory with some form of humanitarian assistance in 2016. The HRP presents 206 projects by 79 partners (12 UN agencies, 36 international NGOs and 31 national NGOs) for a total of $571 million. Through the projects in the plan, humanitarian partners will protect the rights of Palestinians under occupation in accordance with international humanitarian and human rights law; ensure that acutely vulnerable Palestinians have access to essential services; and strengthen the ability of acutely vulnerable Palestinian households to cope with protracted threats and shocks. In addition, the HRP focuses on four cross-cutting themes which are mainstreamed through all cluster strategies, i.e. gender, community engagement, disaster risk reduction and transition to more sustainable solutions.

2016 Humanitarian Needs Overview for the occupied Palestinian territory | November 2015

29 Dec 2015 |
Woman living in debris of her destroyed house in east Khan Younis. February 2015. Photo by OCHA

The humanitarian context of oPt is unique amongst today’s humanitarian crises and remains directly tied to the impact of occupation, now approaching its 50th year. While needs surged in Gaza since mid-2014 following a 51-day escalation of hostilities and substantial residual requirements remain one year later, the underlying challenges remain unchanged across oPt

Strategic Response Plan 2015 - Midyear monitoring

1 Dec 2015 |

Despite a limited relaxation of access restrictions by the Israeli authorities and a general decline in violent confrontations and civilian casualties during the first half of 2015, the major drivers of humanitarian vulnerability across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) remained. In addition to the protection threats affecting Palestinians in the context of the prolonged occupation, there has been no progress on the main political fronts, i.e. Israeli-Palestinian negotiations towards a realization of the two-state vision, and the consolidation of the Palestinian Government of National Consensus (GNC) ending the internal divide. Furthermore, there is a pervasive crisis of accountability, with no effective remedy for the vast majority of alleged violations of international law, to ensure justice for the victims and to prevent future violations.

Strategic Response Plan Monitoring Dashboard | 2015 / Q1

25 May 2015 |

The context in the oPt is a protracted protection crisis with humanitarian consequences, driven by insufficient respect for international law by all sides. Palestinians in the oPt face a range of serious protection threats related to these factors including threats to life, liberty and security, destruction or damage to homes and other property, forced displacement, restrictions on freedom of movement and on access to livelihoods, lack of accountability and effective remedy. In 2014, there was a sharp increase in the severity of humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as a result of the July-August conflict. Humanitarian needs are exacerbated by the impact of seasonal weather conditions, mostly winter storms, coupled with restrictions on the ability of service providers to mitigate the risk, as well as periodic armed conflicts in Gaza.

2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview for the occupied Palestinian territory | November 2014

2 May 2015 |

The context in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is a protracted protection crisis with humanitarian consequences, driven by insufficient respect for international law by all sides. Palestinians in the oPt face a range of serious protection threats related to these factors including threats to life, liberty and security, destruction or damage to homes and other property, forced displacement, restrictions on freedom of movement and on access to livelihoods, and lack of accountability and effective remedy. These threats are exacerbated by the inability of the sides to reach a political agreement, which could end the longstanding occupation and conflict. The seasonal winter flooding further exacerbates pre-existing humanitarian needs. In 2014, there was a sharp increase in the severity of humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as a result of the July-August conflict.

Strategic Response Plan 2015

12 Feb 2015 |

An estimated 1.9 million people out of a population of 4.5 million in the oPt are deemed to be in need of humanitarian assistance, comprising 42 percent of the population. Of these, 1.3 million people live in the Gaza Strip (of whom 900,000 are refugees) and 0.6 million people live in the West Bank (of whom 230,000 are refugees). In the Gaza Strip, one group that has been identified as particularly vulnerable comprises some 100,000 IDPs. Under this plan, humanitarians will target 1.6 million people - 36 per cent of the total population.