The Humanitarian Programme Cycle

The Humanitarian Programme Cycle refers to a series of actions undertaken in the management of international humanitarian response operations. These must be conducted, to the extent possible, in collaboration with and in support of national and local authorities.

Humanitarian Response Cycle

The actions in the cycle, described below, are inter-related and should be managed in a seamless manner using a coherent approach and a common set of tools.

  • Emergency preparedness is a distinct element of, and underpins, the entire cycle.
  • Timely, coordinated assessments and analysis identify the needs of affected people and provide the evidence base for planning the response.
  • Coordinated planning allows for the formulation of strategic objectives, what needs to be done to meet them, and how much it will cost.
  • Funding and other resources are mobilized for the system based on and in support of the strategic response plan.
  • Monitoring of agreed output and outcome indicators and the tracking of financial information demonstrates results and informs decision-making about the plan.

While implementation of the cycle should be flexible and adaptable to different country situations, it must at a minimum address the above elements. Whenever possible, it should support national and local partners, including NGOs, civil society and communities, and complement or build on existing frameworks; it should contribute to a response that builds resilience to future disasters.

More information on the specific elements of the HPC can be found here.

The Humanitarian Response Plan in the occupied Palestinian territory

The humanitarian community in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) has developed an annual humanitarian plan for the oPt every year since 2003. The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) primarily focuses on addressing humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as well as in Area C and East Jerusalem of the West Bank, where the most vulnerable populations have been identified and where the reach of the Palestinian Authority is most limited.

Humanitarian assistance in the oPt aims to address needs and vulnerability mostly arising from the policies and practices linked to the occupation and the blockade. Those targeted for assistance are those most in need of protection, access to essential services and interventions that will allow them to cope with the effects of the prolonged occupation and shocks.

At a minimum, the HRP aims to protect the rights and stabilize the situation of the protected population until longer term development and political solutions are found. The HRP complements national and international longer term development strategies, such as the Palestinian National Development Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).

Read more on the latest Humanitarian Response Plan here.

2016 Humanitarian Needs Overview for the occupied Palestinian territory | November 2015

29 Dec 2015 |
Woman living in debris of her destroyed house in east Khan Younis. February 2015. Photo by OCHA

The humanitarian context of oPt is unique amongst today’s humanitarian crises and remains directly tied to the impact of occupation, now approaching its 50th year. While needs surged in Gaza since mid-2014 following a 51-day escalation of hostilities and substantial residual requirements remain one year later, the underlying challenges remain unchanged across oPt

Strategic Response Plan 2015 - Midyear monitoring

1 Dec 2015 |

Despite a limited relaxation of access restrictions by the Israeli authorities and a general decline in violent confrontations and civilian casualties during the first half of 2015, the major drivers of humanitarian vulnerability across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) remained. In addition to the protection threats affecting Palestinians in the context of the prolonged occupation, there has been no progress on the main political fronts, i.e. Israeli-Palestinian negotiations towards a realization of the two-state vision, and the consolidation of the Palestinian Government of National Consensus (GNC) ending the internal divide. Furthermore, there is a pervasive crisis of accountability, with no effective remedy for the vast majority of alleged violations of international law, to ensure justice for the victims and to prevent future violations.

Strategic Response Plan Monitoring Dashboard | 2015 / Q1

25 May 2015 |

The context in the oPt is a protracted protection crisis with humanitarian consequences, driven by insufficient respect for international law by all sides. Palestinians in the oPt face a range of serious protection threats related to these factors including threats to life, liberty and security, destruction or damage to homes and other property, forced displacement, restrictions on freedom of movement and on access to livelihoods, lack of accountability and effective remedy. In 2014, there was a sharp increase in the severity of humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as a result of the July-August conflict. Humanitarian needs are exacerbated by the impact of seasonal weather conditions, mostly winter storms, coupled with restrictions on the ability of service providers to mitigate the risk, as well as periodic armed conflicts in Gaza.

2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview for the occupied Palestinian territory | November 2014

2 May 2015 |

The context in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is a protracted protection crisis with humanitarian consequences, driven by insufficient respect for international law by all sides. Palestinians in the oPt face a range of serious protection threats related to these factors including threats to life, liberty and security, destruction or damage to homes and other property, forced displacement, restrictions on freedom of movement and on access to livelihoods, and lack of accountability and effective remedy. These threats are exacerbated by the inability of the sides to reach a political agreement, which could end the longstanding occupation and conflict. The seasonal winter flooding further exacerbates pre-existing humanitarian needs. In 2014, there was a sharp increase in the severity of humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as a result of the July-August conflict.

Strategic Response Plan 2015

12 Feb 2015 |

An estimated 1.9 million people out of a population of 4.5 million in the oPt are deemed to be in need of humanitarian assistance, comprising 42 percent of the population. Of these, 1.3 million people live in the Gaza Strip (of whom 900,000 are refugees) and 0.6 million people live in the West Bank (of whom 230,000 are refugees). In the Gaza Strip, one group that has been identified as particularly vulnerable comprises some 100,000 IDPs. Under this plan, humanitarians will target 1.6 million people - 36 per cent of the total population.

Strategic Response Plan 2015 (Flyer)

12 Feb 2015 |

The context in the oPt is a protracted protection crisis with humanitarian consequences, driven by insufficient respect for international law by all sides. Palestinians in the oPt face a range of serious protection threats related to these factors including threats to life, liberty and security, destruction or damage to homes and other property, forced displacement, restrictions on freedom of movement and on access to livelihoods, and lack of accountability and effective remedy. These threats are exacerbated by the inability of the sides to reach a political agreement, which could end the longstanding occupation and conflict. In 2014, there was a sharp
increase in the severity of humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as a result of the July-August conflict.

Strategic Response Plan 2015 (Fact Sheet)

12 Feb 2015 |
SRP elements

The context in the oPt is a protracted protection crisis with humanitarian consequences, driven by insufficient respect for international law by all sides. Palestinians in the oPt face a range of serious protection threats related to these factors including threats to life, liberty and security, destruction or damage to homes and other property, forced displacement, restrictions on freedom of movement and on access to livelihoods, and lack of accountability and effective remedy. These threats are exacerbated by the inability of the sides to reach a political agreement, which could end the longstanding occupation and conflict. In 2014, there was a sharp increase in the severity of humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as a result of the July-August conflict.

Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015

10 Dec 2014 |
HNO 2015 - Geographic scope and demographic profile of the crisis

The context in the oPt is a protracted protection crisis with humanitarian consequences, driven by insufficient respect for international law by all sides. Palestinians in the oPt face a range of serious protection threats related to these factors including threats to life, liberty and security, destruction or damage to homes and other property, forced displacement, restrictions on freedom of movement and on access to livelihoods, and lack of accountability and effective remedy. These threats are exacerbated by the inability of the sides to reach a political agreement, which could end the longstanding occupation and conflict. In 2014, there was a sharp increase in the severity of humanitarian needs in the Gaza Strip as a result of the July-August conflict.

Gaza Crisis Appeal | September 2014 Revised

9 Sep 2014 |

The Gaza Crisis Appeal presents the joint strategy of the humanitarian community, including UNRWA, to respond to the current crisis in the Gaza Strip. The Gaza Crisis Appeal is closely coordinated with the Palestinian Government’s ongoing immediate response, as well as its early recovery and reconstruction strategy. Amounts requested and planning figures will be updated if the situation on the ground requires and are valid as of 1 September 2014. The Gaza Crisis Appeal requirements are reflected in revised requirements for the 2014 Strategic Response Plan for the occupied Palestinian territory.